Frederick Galleghan embodied the saying "You've got to be cruel to be kind". Although exhausting and harsh on the surface, his strenuous drills are what kept his troops alive. Without him, many more Australian men would have died of sheer hopelessness. His ideologies mirror the idea of the classic Aussie battler, a heroic figure in Australian folklore who perseveres despite hardship.
Galleghan's individual experiences are important to the Australian story, as he embodies our fundamental values. In my opinion, Galleghan was a character whose leadership led a great number of young men out of horrific conditions at the Prisoner of War Camps in Singapore. He embodies the great Aussie battler, a quintessential image representing Australian spirit during troubled times.
• Australian War Memorial (2016) Changi. Australian War Memorial. [Online] Accessed 19/12/2016 from https://www.awm.gov.au/encyclopedia/pow/changi/
• Australian War Memorial (2016). Major General Cecil Arthur Callaghan. Australian War Memorial. [Online]. Accessed 15/12/2016 from https://www.awm.gov.au/people/P10685705/
• Australian War Memorial. (2016). Major General Frederick Gallagher 'Black Jack' Galleghan. Australian War Memorial. [Online]. Accessed 15/12/2016 from https://www.awm.gov.au/people/P10676243/#biography
• Griffin, David (1996). Galleghan, Sir Fredrick Gallagher. Australian Dictionary of Biography. [Online] Accessed 15/12/2016 from http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/galleghan-sir-frederick-gallagher-10270
• Griffin, Murray (1945) Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Galleghan. Oil on canvas painting. [Online] Accessed 15/12/2015 from https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/ART26547/
• Harrower, David (1916) Sergeant: 432 Frederick Gallagher GALLEGHAN. Enlistment photograph World War One. [Online] Accessed 15/12/2016 from http://harrowercollection.com/galleghan.html
• Johnston, Dr Mark (2014) Australians in the Pacific War: The Japanese Advance. Department of Veteran Affairs; Canberra. Accessed 17/12/2016
• Monument Australia (1995) Brigadier Frederick Galleghan. Plaque commemorating General Major Galleghan. [Online] Accessed 15/12/2016 from http://monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/people/military/display/20734-brigadier-frederick-galleghan
• Moremon, Dr John; Reid, Dr Richard, et al. (2014). Stolen Years: Australian prisoners of war. Department of Veteran Affairs; Australia. Accessed 17/12/2016.
• Nelson, Prof Hank (2014) Australians in the Pacific War: Australian Prisoners of War. Department of Veteran Affairs; Canberra. Accessed 16/12/2016
• Official Military Forms (1940-1945) Officer Record of Service. Statement regarding Galleghan conduct during battle. [Online] Accessed 15/12/216 from http://harrowercollection.com/galleghan.html
• Official Military Forms (1946) Special Immediate Awards. A recommendation from Major General Callaghan. Accessed 16/12/2015 from http://harrowercollection.com/galleghan.html