Causes and Effects of Spice Trade Adrian limon

Portugal looks for routes to East Indies for spices. The Ottomans take over Turkey and add taxes on the silk road from Asia to Europe. Portugal then looks for other ways to get spices because they are valued very high. Portugal then send explorers to find short routes throughout the ocean to the East Indies.

Causes of Portugal looking for routes to East Indies for spices. Ottomans win the Byzantine war and the Byzantine empire no longer exists. Ottoman then place hefty taxes on merchandise heading westward. Then Portugal who are surrounded by water which made Henry the Navigator begins to explore into Africa which leads him to start a school for Navigation. New technology is created like Caravel is created which travels by the wind. 1480's Portuguese begin exploring routes to Asia by sailing around west coast of Africa and making forts for refueling and for more supplies.

Effects of Portugal exploring for spices is that Portugal is becoming rich from all the spices coming from East Indies which causes other countries to explore and find more routes to East Indies. This then lead to the development of countries colonizing territories. Portugal also made forts in Africa which then lead to slave raids to the Congo. Slaves became an important trading item for the New world. This will also have an impact for the Civil Rights movement in the US. Portugal to finds Brazil which is one of the most populous countries in South America. Brazil was ranked 23rd largest export economy in the world and the 32nd most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Christopher Columbus discovers the New World. Spain has won the war against the Islams which lasted over 700 years so Spain is now becoming very wealthy. Spain notices the wealth from Portugal and wants to take action. Christopher Columbus then comes to Spain and tells the King and Queen that he knows a shorter way. However, he lands in the Caribbean instead of the East Indies.

Causes of Columbus finding the New World is that Christopher Columbus was an Italian Navigator who was exiled from Portugal because he wanted to cross the Atlantic Ocean to Asia. Reconquista was the wars between Spain and Muslim Moors which went on for 700 years. Now that war is over Spain is saving money on military use and weapons, so Spain now has money to spend. Spain also wanted to compete with Portugal who owned a monopoly over spice routes to Asia.

Effects of Columbus finding the New World is that Columbus didn't know that it exists which lead to Spain to conquer these new land which consisted of a majority of South and North America and to spread Christianity majority of the land. Columbus brought new crops to Europe such as tomatoes, potatoes, and corn. Columbus also brought advanced machinery compared to the Indians which lead to the Caribbean to modernize.

Spain Conquered New World. Spain discovers that no other country is in the West Indies and decides to take it as their territory to get gold and silver. Spain takes over most of the New World, one way was that the natives have never seen horses or cows which lead to many to die from the black death and other diseases. Spain becomes very wealthy and other countries began to notice.

Causes of Spain conquering the New World are that Spain is a new unified country that wants to expand their territory. They won the war over the Moors and wants to use their military to conquer new lands for trading. Also Spain is wealthy after ending the Reconquista and sends Columbus to sail for a shorter route to Asia but finds the New World which causes Spain to explore most of it. Another cause is that Spain is united by Isabella of Castile and her husband King Ferdinand, King of Aragon which are both Catholic and want to spread the religion across the world.

One effects of Spain conquering the New World is Spain conquistadors brought disease with them that wiped out over 50% of Indians such as Aztec empire had an empire of over 30 million and was reduced to 5 million. Another effect is that Spain conquered from Southwestern US to South America and is why most of central and South America speak Spanish. Also Spain found many new crops to make profit from, one was sugar which was used only by wealthy. However, many Indians were dying from disease so Spain got slaves from Africa to help on the plantation.

Spanish Armada. Spain is gaining large amounts of gold and silver from the New World and other countries began to take notice of their extreme wealth. England pays pirates to invade these merchants ships full of gold and silver from the New World to Spain. Spain is realizing how much money they are losing and declares war on England. However, England defeats the Spanish Armada and Spain loses its power and England slowly becomes the super nation of the world.

One causes of the Spanish Armada is that Spain is getting very wealthy from gold and silver from mines in South America. Other countries begin to notice and want to compete. Another cause is that England was helping Dutch rebels attack and rob treasure coming from the Caribbean to Spain. Also Spain was Roman Catholic and England decided to start making new rules on the religion which was called Protestantism. Spain saw this as a threat to the religion and attacked England.

One effect of the Spanish Armada is that Spain is weakening because of they are losing the war and are no longer the super power of the world. Spain lost a large amount of money because the amount of ships that were destroyed. Another major effect that will change the world is that England now has a strong navy which means they can now colonize the New World and bring trading to improve economy. By 1913, the British Empire had over 412 million people, 23% of the world population. Spain ruled most of the New World and if they would have won the Spanish Armada then most of US would have spoken Spanish and Spain would have become the super power country of the world for time to come.

• Maddison, Angus (2001). The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective (PDF). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ISBN 92-64-18608-5. Retrieved 22 July 2009.

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