Dakota Access Pipeline What is DAPL?

Glossary

Loom- ominous or threatening event that is about to occur. Because of many people protesting they believe the pipeline will be a threat to Native Americans living on the Standing rock sioux reservation. If the pipeline is built many are feeling that it will hurt other places as well as Standing Rock. (people feel threatened)

Adamant- refuse to change mind. Because Donald Trump wasn’t planning on changing his mind about building the pipeline this caused protesters to become more upset with this situation. Even after months of many people protesting Donald Trump doesn’t see any reason of why he should stop the pipeline from being built.

Galvanize-wanting to take action because of excitement or shock. Because of many people around the world becoming more aware of how the pipeline is a serious problem for the Standing Rock sioux reservation, more people are wanting to become involved in helping stop this. As more people are finding out how this pipeline is going to hurt the land they are taking action.

Proponent- someone who supports a subject. Because of many people being involved with the pipeline, many are taking sides on if this should be built or not. There is a huge conflict going on about how this pipeline is going to have more good or bad outcomes which is causing people who disagree with others making them support one side.

Crisis- an intense/danger time. Because of the Standing rock sioux tribe is having the pipeline built through their land they are feeling as if they are in danger since it’s their source of drinking water. If the pipeline is being put through their sacred land it’s causing the people to think of this worst, and many are going through a rough time.

Sophisticated- having an experience, more knowledge. Because of the protesters going out to Standing Rock and experiencing the violence that was going on they are more aware of the overall problem this is causing. With people being able to have an experience they are realizing how important water is, and the land to the Native Americans.

Ancestral- inherited, belonging from a group of people. Because of the gathering of many Native american tribes around the U.S they feel as if they are wanting to protest because this is involving the history of their people in the past, and is almost like history is repeating itself. By history repeating itself I mean, this DAPL isn’t anything new for Native Americans because of the discrimination that occurred in the past.

Trauma- emotional, upset time taking place. Because of the violence going on with the protesters this can seen as trauma to some people. Relating to the word “Ancestral”, this is contributing to the Native americans who are protesting because they know their Ancestors went through “trauma” which gives them more reason to be protecting/protesting for the Standing Rock reservation, and the pipeline.

How is the Dakota Access Pipeline having an effect on the Environment?

What are the outcomes of building this pipeline?

In 2016, Donald Trump invested into making the Dakota access pipeline, and his main wishes for building this is to be able to have more of an economic impact for the U.S and gaining profit. Without taking consideration of others and their homeland he still wants to move forward. According to The Dakota Access Pipeline Will Simply Create Profits. Not Jobs or Energy Independence, by Jonathan Thompson, the author states “Which is to say the pipeline will be neither the economic boon, nor the climate bane, it’s been made out to be, nor will it get the U.S. any closer to energy independence”. This demonstrates that by building this pipeline there will be no positive impacts for building this pipeline other than the profit. According to Russ Girling, who works for a company Trans Canada CEO and focuses on the DAPL projects potential the article says, “Girling shrugged off Raddatz’s point that an estimated 42,000 jobs supported by the Keystone XL pipeline would only last for two years, saying "no, the 42,000 jobs is in ongoing, enduring jobs”. By this meaning that if Donald Trump is hoping for an economic impact, these jobs that are being created will not last nor will these people be able to work for ongoing years. Overall, the outcomes of the Dakota Access pipeline will not have a positive economic impact for the U.S.

What is really going at the pipeline protest?

“Take only what you need and leave the land as you found it.” ~ Arapho

Recently at the site in Standing Rock there was violence occurring between security, bulldoze workers, and the protesters. Some of the events include; the use of dogs, and protesters being pepper sprayed. As stated by protesters who were on site, “dogs were being used by security for a threat and the dogs were being told to bite the protesters”. When people heard about this being done, more were wanting to protest DAPL, because of this violence happening to protesters. In addition to this, “according to the Associated Press and the Guardian. Protesters report being pepper sprayed by authorities on a live stream hosted by Cempoalli Twenny on his Facebook page”. Both of these are clearly showing the truth behind the site in Standing Rock, and give a better understanding of the violence occurring.

Who is being involved with the protest?

"I Stand With Standing Rock"

Why are so many Native Americans being involved with DAPL?

Common phrase

“No DAPL”

Ever since the DAPL project started it’s showing to have an negative impact on Native Americans. This reason is because they feel as if they are being discriminated, especially Native Americans living on the Standing Rock sioux tribe. According to DAPL: The push and pull of Standing Rock, by Adam Levinson, the author includes what a Native American women states “But it was also something more than that, she explained. "Our ancestral trauma has brought us here,". This demonstrates a bigger idea of the DAPL, because Native Americans are getting into ‘repeated history’ which isn’t anything new for them, but they are feeling the pain and discrimination of their ancestors. According to New Senate Indian Affairs chair supports Dakota Access pipeline, by Brett Wilkins, the author states “Native Americans and their allies were beaten, shot with "less lethal" projectiles that resulted in horrific injuries and mauled with dogs — images of an attack dog with blood dripping from its teeth and snout shocked the conscience of the world and helped galvanize opposition to the pipeline”. This is clearly giving a message that Native Americans are being discriminated, because of the actions that security guards are doing to these people. Overall, the DAPL is having a negative impact on Native Americans.

"Mni Wiconi" Dakota phrase (Water is Life)

What Environmental impact does the DAPL have?

One of the reasons why so many people are against the DAPL is because of the environmental impact it has. The impact is not only for the Standing Rock Sioux reservation, but as well as where the pipeline runs through. According to Don’t Let Trump Distract You: Public Comment on DAPL Is Now Open, by Jake Tracy, the author includes “According to one estimate, utilizing data specific to the Bakken oil fields in North Dakota, the transportation, processing, and burning of that oil would result in 101.4 xcmillion metric tons of CO2 every year”. This demonstrates that by building the pipeline it will be “the same amount of annual emissions that would result from operating 21.4 million passenger vehicles or 29.5 coal plants”. (which the author also states). Adding on to this, according to How Will The Dakota Access Pipeline Affect The Environment? Standing Rock Needs Answers, by Keiko Zoll, the author states “The pipeline's proximity to the reservation could have serious, lasting impacts to both Native American culture and environment, as an oil spill could affect the reservation's water supply”. This is clearly saying that the pipeline will have an environmental impact on the Standing Rock sioux reservation because it will affect their water supply. Overall, the impact the DAPL has will have a negative impact on the environment.

What are the Oceti Sakowin (Sacred Stone) and Red Warrior camps?

“Treat the earth well: it was not given to you by your parents, it was loaned to you by your children. We do not inherit the earth from our Ancestors, we borrow it from our Children.” ~ Tribe Unknown

Many people are protesting about DAPL, and protests can have a stereotype of having to be violent. In Standing Rock, Native americans set up camps which were specifically for “peaceful protest”. According to the article, Protesters Mark A Solemn Thanksgiving Day At Standing Rock, by Cassi Alexandra, the author includes what Vanessa Red Bull, a medic from the Cherokee nation says, "There was a lot of ceremony and prayer and song and it was beautiful”. “She describes a humanizing scene, where despite the tension, police and protesters were able to converse without clashing”. This clearly gives the idea that there was no violence going on at these camps, and they were specifically for peaceful protest and prayer. According to Indian Country Media Network, in the article My Journey to Sacred Stone Camp, the author states “The Sacred Stone Camp is one of the largest gatherings of North American Indigenous Peoples, in our modern recorded history”. This gives readers the idea that these camps were not only a place to peacefully protest, but it brought together many Native americans around the U.S. Overall the Sacred Stone and Red Warrior camps were a place where many Native Americans gathered to peacefully protest by using prayer, and ceremonies.

“We will be known forever by the tracks we leave.” ~ Dakota

Credits:

Created with images by Groushevaia - "The Forces" • dailychalkupy - "No DAPL"

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