How has the interpretation of the 8th amendment changed over time? Andrew Calvillo per3

Court cases related to the 8th Amendment?

The 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution, a part of the Bill of Rights, prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive fines, excessive bail, and cruel and unusual punishment.

There are many court cases related to the 8th Amendment

Waters-Pierce Oil Co. VS Texas Year: 1900

The Waters-Pierce Oil Co. was charged by Attorney General Martin M. Crane for breaking the Texas antitrust law.It was incorporated to deal in naval stores, and to deal in and compound petroleum and other oils and their products, and to buy and sell the same in Missouri and other states.

How has the amendment been challenged (court cases)?

Supreme Court rules in major Eighth Amendment sentencing case

Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote the majority opinion that reversed the lower court’s judgment, and was joined by Chief Justice John Roberts along with Justices Ruth Bader Ginsberg, Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.the Court was tasked with determining the extent to which new rules of law apply retroactively. In 2012, the Court ruled in Miller v. Alabama that mandatory sentencing schemes requiring that “all children convicted of homicide receive lifetime incarcerations without the possibility of parole” violate the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment.

What are the forms of death penalty that are used in states

State Method

Arizona 1 Lethal injection or gas

Arkansas 2, * Lethal injection or electrocution

California* Lethal injection or gas

Colorado* Lethal injection those are some states there also states who don't use the death penalty

if i had to choose i wouldn't use the death penalty for example Hawaii doesn't use a death penalty

Limitations on the Death Penalty

On June 20, 2002, the Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling ending the execution of those with mental retardation. In Atkins v. Virginia, the Court held that it is a violation of the Eighth Amendment ban on cruel unusual punishment to execute death row inmates with mental retardation.

Credits:

Created with images by walknboston - "Gavel" • akasped - "Typical cell in Squirrel Cage Jail" • MDGovpics - "Death Penalty Repeal Press Conference"

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