The Studies of Mongolia and Taiwan By payten 'nd Darien

The History of Mongolia: On December 1st of 1911 - Outer Mongolia declared independence from the Qing dynasty, which resided under Bogd Kahn. Then, in 1928, after the death of Bogd Kahn, Mongolia gave collectivization a try. But it failed, and lead to widespread uprisings. In May of 1939, the battle of Khalkhyn Gol started, between warring Japanese and Soviet-Mongolian forces. On September 16th in the same year, the battle ended in Japanese defeat. A truce was then negotiated. Though this treaty was in effect, China used the promise independence to get Mongolia to fight Japan during WWII. In 1946, Mongolia was finally independent. On July 29th of 1990, the communist party took over. Their government is confusing. Skipping ahead to 2012, the first Democratic Party was formed and a president was elected.

Mongolia is well-known for its hospitality. Traditionally when a new person comes into town, the Mongols would offer them food and gifts. And even if the Mongol was not at home they would leave it unlocked so travelers can stop by and rest. Normally they raise five kinds of animals - sheep, goats, cattle, camels, and horses. They sometimes grow crops but due to the mountainous conditions they have a very short growing season. Their highest-praised animal is a horse because it is significant in many legends and their horsetails are widely useful. In fact, Mongolia is one of the few countries with a horse-based culture.

Daily responsibilities are evenly split between family members and all work is concise red equally important. Since life is more nomadic in Mongolia, some of their lifestyles are different when compared with ours. The men traditionally take care of the horses and hunt, while the women milk the cows, goats, and mares. Women also cook and take care of the children. Normally there are eight years of schooling, and of that eight years you can choose between vocational schools, general education, or specialized secondary schools. Music and sports are very important recreational activities to the Mongolian people.

Mongolia's economy centers around agriculture and livestock. Mongolia also trades a lot in coppers and other metals. This accounts for a lot of their industrial production.

The History of Taiwan: in 1945, after being defeated in WWII, Japan relinguishes control of Taiwan. China then placed Taiwan under the control of Chiang Kai-Shek, and the Kuomintang Nationalist party. Then when communists took control of mainland China, the nationalists fled to Taiwan, and the temporary control became permanent.

The culture of Taiwan is a blend of Confucianist Han Chinese and Taiwanese cultures. They are a mix of both traditional and modern understandings. Confusionism is based on the relationships between people, specifically between five different categories, which are: ruler and subject, husband and wife, parents and children, brothers and sisters, and friend and friend. When they greet new people, the oldest person in the group is treated first. Gifts are always given at Chinese New Years. weddings, births, and funerals.

To start with, their basic education requires six years of elementary education and three years of junior high education. Then they can either do three years of senior vocational schools or three years of senior high schools. After this they can go to higher education institutes, including colleges, graduate/post-graduate schools, and universities. For leisure, they can catch a movie at the cinema. In fact, Taiwan has the most cinemas of any country in the world. The most common spots for people to hang include the discotheques, piano bars, music lounges, karaoke bars, bottle clubs, and pubs.

Taiwan is the fifth largest economy in Asia, and it has a developed capitalist economy that ranks as the 19th largest in the world. They have about 318 billion dollars in exports each year, and about 277.5 billion in imports. They mainly export electronics, flat panels, ships, petrochemicals, machinery, metals, textiles, plastics, and chemicals. They mainly import electronics, machinery, crude petroleum, computers, coal, organic chemicals, and metals.


Created with images by Bernd Thaller - "Mongolian Landscape with Clouds" • mikeemesser - "Gobi Treasure Hunt" • Erdenebayar - "men horsemen rider" • Bernd Thaller - "Naadam Archery competition" • Gareth1953 All Right Now - "Ulan Bator or Bust! - Oct 2008 - Flag of Convenience" • WikimediaImages - "painting female warrior" • Juan00 - "taiwan taoyuan shihmen reservoir" • wagatsuma - "taiwan taipei travel" • Toomore - "On the way to Japan, Taipei, Taiwan / AGFA VISTAPlus / Nikon FM2"

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