Material of the Day: Carbon Fiber By Bader alawadhi

Carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites are what seems to be the future of cars. With it having many advantages compared to steel it would make cars lighter and therefore faster, safer due to it's strength and also more fuel efficient.

Why Carbon Fiber? 1) Each thread of Carbon is thinner than a human hair. 2) Five times as strong as steel. 3) Weighs less than one third the weight of steel. 4) Highly chemical resistant. 5) Low thermal expansion. 6) High tensile strength. 7) How it looks.
Spools of carbon fiber before it's woven. http://auto.howstuffworks.com/fuel-efficiency/fuel-economy/carbon-fiber-oil-crisis1.htm

Carbon fiber is basically very thin strands of carbon. The strands can be twisted together, like yarn. The yarns can be woven together, like cloth. To make carbon fiber take on a permanent shape, it can be laid over a mold, then coated with a stiff resin or plastic most commonly (epoxy resin) which requires 24 to 50 hours to solidify after it's infused into the carbon fiber. Also because the fibers are entirely carbon, their density is only about 1.6 grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3), it even beats the lightest structural metal, magnesium, which has a density of 1.8 (g/cm3).

Pagani Huayra made primarily out of carbon fiber and also carbotanium (Modena Design). https://www.autogespot.com/pagani-huayra-carbon-edition/2015/01/10

Where Carbon Fiber is used? - 30% used in aerospace industry -Sporting goods like running shoes, ice hockey sticks and tennis racquets. -Military applications. -Medical applications as it's transparent to X-ray. -Automobile industry.

Off-roading Go Kart (2009)

References :http://auto.howstuffworks.com/fuel-efficiency/fuel-economy/carbon-fiber-oil-crisis1.htm

http://www.livescience.com/53995-carbon-fiber-may-finally-be-coming-to-cars-everywhere.html

https://www.thoughtco.com/how-is-carbon-fiber-made-820391

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