Israeli-Palestinian conflictBy: Mason Sullivan and Zach Riley
Palestinian Woman argues with Israeli border police man
The time of this conflict started in 1948, and still goes on today.
cause of conflict
One reason for the conflict is the state of Israel was created in 1948 for Jewish people to migrate to. This land that was given was right on top of muslim Palestinian land. Another reason for this conflict is Zionism (the belief that all parts of Palestine should belong to the Jews).
Issue of the conflict
Border disagreements (the two can hardly ever agree on where to cut off certain borders, mostly because of Jewish holy lands), Jerusalem (they try to carve up the city and give pieces of control to both sides, which causes conflict), Refugees (Palestinians fled Israel when it was given to the Israelites and are still in refugee camps to this day, Israel is against letting them back in), Security (Israel has lived in a constant state of war, so they refuse to accept Palestinians for fear of a Palestinian military attacking)
timeline of the conflict
1948-49 Arab-Israeli War
1951-64 Palestinians repeatedly infiltrate and attack Israeli people
1967 The Six Day War, Israel conquers huge masses of land from Egypt and surrounding countries
1968-73 Continued vicious attacks go back and forth
1974-85 Palestinians insurge upon South Lebanon
1987-91 The First Intifada Palestinians violently revolt against Israelis
1991-present Peace Process, Palestinians and Israelis continue to try to achieve peace
2000-05 The Second Intifada, Palestinians pick violent activity back up against Israelis
2005-present Post Intifada, Gaza Conflict, after Israel withdrew from Gaza, Palestinians launched continuous attacks against Israel
Israeli and Palestinian citizens, Mahmoud Abbas-leader of the Palestinians, Yasir Arafat-leader of Palestine Liberation Organization, a violent revolutionary group, Tzipi Livni-Israel’s prime minister, Golda Meir-Israel’s prime minister from 1969-74, she led the Israelis very well and became quite popular to them, and Benjamin Netanyahu the prime minister of Israel from 1996-1999 and got re-elected from 2009-present day.
Although there has been many attempts to end this war and make peace, there has not been any peace achieved. The few times they made treaties, they were broken, and the fighting continues today.
did you know?
The Old City of Jerusalem contains three of the holiest sites for Christians, Jews, and Muslims.
The Temple Mount was the location of the First and Second Jewish Temples, and the remaining foundational wall (Western Wall) has been a site for Jewish prayer and pilgrimage for centuries. The Bible mentions Jerusalem over 650 times.
. Islamic tradition holds Jerusalem to be the location of the "furthest mosque" (Al-Aqsa Mosque) where the Prophet Mohammed ascended to heaven in the seventh century to receive instructions from Allah on how many times to pray each day.
After boycotting all previous Palestinian elections, Hamas, whom the US, Israel, and European Union classify as a terrorist organization, won a majority of seats in the Jan. 25, 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council elections.
On Nov. 29, 1947, the UN General Assembly decided to end the British Mandate in Palestine and adopt the "partition plan” to create independent Arab and Jewish states.