1) What is the relationship in the Trinity? Did God have to create humanity?
The Trinity is comprised of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Despite being 3 people, there is only one God. God did not need to create humanity. He created humanity to share his love with everybody.
2) Why is humanity the crowning creation? What makes us different?
Humanity is the crowning creation because we were made in God’s own image and likeness. Humanity was made greater than other means of creation such as animals or other creatures because they had the ability to hold a relationship and a mind that was much more advanced than anyone. We were made like god which means that god wanted someone to be like him. Since god is the crowning being of the universe and the most important person, it only makes sense that since humanity was made in his image that we are the greatest among creation.
3) What are the titles for Jesus, what does each mean and why is each important?
“Christ” is not Jesus’ last name, even though it sounds like we use it that way. It is a formal title for Jesus that is used more than four hundred times in the New Testament. Christ is the Greek translation of the Hebrew word messiah, which means “anointed.” Jesus means “God saves” in Hebrew. Jesus’ very name reflects his identity and his mission as savior of the world. It is through Jesus, and Jesus alone, that we are saved from our sins, which is why God “gave him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, in heaven and on earth and under the earth."Another title frequently used for Jesus is Son of God. In the Old Testament, the title “son of God” is sometimes used for angels, for the people of Israel, and for Israel’s kings. Finally, Jesus is frequently referred to as Lord in the New Testament. Lord was a title of respect in Jesus’ time, and frequently people who were approaching Jesus called him Lord. But the word had another, unique meaning. Lord is the Greek word they used instead of Yahweh, the Hebrew name often used for God in the Old Testament.
4) What is the difference between an Apostle and a Disciple? Who is the first Disciple?
An apostle is a person Jesus chose to carry on his mission and lead the people closer to him and the church after his death. A Disciple is someone who follows Jesus and his mission after is was spread to them but they were not directly chosen by Jesus. The first Disciple is Mary, our Blessed Mother.
5) Who is the perfect mediator between God and Humanity?
Jesus is the perfect mediator between God and Humanity. This is because he has both a divine and human nature that are united and cannot be separated.
6) Why can you not separate personal and communal faith? (Sean Hembach) You cannot separate personal and communal faith because personal faith is the ability to chose to believe or not believe in God. Communal faith is when you cannot believe by yourself, and you need a community to help you believe. You need both types of faith to live a life that is fully dedicated to God.
7) Why can you not separate the Incarnation, Resurrection, and Ascension?
You cannot separate the 3 because eliminating one of them makes it impossible to believe in any other of them because the 3 of them go along together. Denying one of them is basically denying all of them. If you deny one, the remaining two events contradict each other completely because you would be denying one key aspect and nature of Jesus Christ.
8) Why are the above considered mysteries, and what do we know about them?
(Mike) The events above are mysteries because we do not fully know everything there is to know about these events. We do not know about the incarnation, resurrection, and ascension like God knows about those events. We know some things about them, but not everything which is why they remain mysteries.
9) What is the Assumption and who is Assumed into Heaven?
The Assumption is a belief of the Church that states that Mary was taken up to heaven with her body. This is because she was immaculately conceived, meaning that she was born without sin. It is also stated that Mary did not die she was taken up to heaven without sin so she did not have to die.
10) What is the problem with how the Jews viewed the Law? (Tom)
Jesus had a view of the law that more so focused on the spirit of the law as opposed to the letter of the law. This meant that the Pharisees argued against Jesus as they believed if you went against anything that the law stated, you were ultimately bound to be kept away from heaven. Jesus stated that this however was not the case, if an effort was made to follow the law, you were doing the right thing especially if you meant your works and did not just do them to get salvation. These teachings of Jesus had the Jewish leaders scared that followers would not be subject to them.
11) What does Christ do in the Beatitudes and the Sermon on the Mount?
Liam Dolan When Jesus came to the world he would always preach a vision of the new Jewish law. The core belief of the Jewish law are the Ten Commandments. When Jesus preached on the sermon on the mount he talked about the beatitudes which are often referred to as the ultimate revision of the Jewish law. Many people refer to the beatitudes as the second Ten Commandments which can be somewhat correct. When Jesus preached about the beatitudes he reveals the ultimate meaning of the Jewish law and goes more in depth to the old Jewish law.
12) How do the above re-envision the Law?
Jesus basically said the Ten Commandments were the minimum requirements. He gave us the schematic on exactly how to follow the Law. For example, the Old Law said we shouldn't murder but the Beatitudes say that we shouldn't even harbor the anger against someone that could possibly lead us to kill in the future. Another example would be that the Ten Commandments said we shouldn't commit adultery. The New Law says we shouldn't even list after someone who isn't your spouse.
13) Why can we not separate Christ's Humanity from his Divinity? What is this called? (Sean Hembach) We cannot separate Christ’s humanity from his divinity because his humanity shows he had human will and intellect, showing he felt joy, pain, temptation, etc. His divinity shows he had divine will and intellect, showing he is one with God. This is known as the Incarnation. The hypostatic union refers to the humanity and divinity of Jesus Christ
14) What are the parables and why did Christ use them? (Brown) Answer: A parable is a story that is intended to convey a religious truth, through the use of metaphors. Christ uses parables to reveal that God wants to save us, even though our inability to listen and follow the law.
15) Explain two of the parables. (Brown) Answer: Two of the parables that Christ used are the Parable of Prodigal Son and the Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus. The Parable of the Prodigal son is a story when a father welcomes back his sinner son. This Parable teaches us about how god treats sinners who come back and repent will be celebrated, but sinners that don't repent will not be celebrated. The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus teaches us about how in the end when Christ will judge the living and the dead, the last will be first and the first shall be last.
16) What are the Characteristics of Faith? (Linehan)
There are seven Characteristics of the Faith: Faith is a grace, a supernatural gift from God; Faith is certain; Faith seeks understanding; Faith is not opposed to science; Faith is necessary for salvation; Grace enables faith; Faith is the beginning of eternal life.
17) What is the relationship between Pilate and the Jewish authorities concerning Christ's death?
The Jewish leaders wanted Jesus dead because he challenged authority, protested the way that the Scribes and the Pharisees has mixed commerce and profit with religion and faith. The Jews attempted to convince Pilate that Jesus would start a rebellion. Pilate eventually gave in to the Jews’ desires and sentenced Jesus to death.
18) What evidence do we have for the Resurrection? Which is most prevalent? Which is least prevalent?
The least prevalent evidence was that if the tomb was not empty the Romans and Jews would have produced the body. Also the disciples wouldn't die for Christ if they knew the Resurrection was a lie. The most important evidence is the change in Jesus’ followers. Jesus’ Resurrection gave the disciples the courage to proclaim the Word of God even while facing beatings and ridicule.
19) What are the three titles of Christ taken from Scripture about His death, and why is each important? (Linehan)
The three titles of Christ taken from scripture about His death are the Suffering Servant, the Paschal Lamb, and the Ransom of Mary. The Suffering Servant refers to the fact that Jesus suffered for the people, and died for them too. It reveals that his death was to protect the citizens. The Paschal Lamb reveals that Jesus was the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the World. Just as the Paschal lambs liberated Jerusalem of sin, just as Jesus liberated the people of sin. The Ransom of Mary talks about Jesus paid God the ransom of death to save the people, just as a ransom was paid to save the slave.