Stonefish By: Bryce

Who am I?

Synanceia is a genus of fish of the family Synanceiidae, the stonefishes, whose members are venomous, dangerous and even fatal to humans. It is one of the most venomous fish known. They are found in the coastal regions of the Indo-pacific.

Distribution and Habitat.

The stonefish lives primarily above the tropic of Capricorn. It is the most widespread species in the stonefish family, and is known from shallow tropical marine waters in the pacific and Indian oceans from the red sea tot the Great Barrier Reef.

A list of dangers associated with stone fish consist of their dorsal spine and all there hidden spines under there gills and all around there body. The venom in the spines have enough to kill 2 people.

Stonefish are found in all coastal waters and some fresh water sites. Although there are no reported deaths in Australia, stonefish stings can be potentially fatal. Stone fish spine penetration can result in severe and persistent pain and in these cases the patient should be transported to the nearest hospital immediately for treatment. Antivenin is available.

First aid for stone fish stings involves washing the wound site immediately and soaking the affected area in hot but not scolding water (ideally 45 C) for up to 90 minutes may relieve the pain. This is not suitable for infants, the very elderly, or those with poor skin condition as hot water may burn the skin.

Dangers

Stone Fish: One unconfirmed death by stone fish in 1915

How we can help

Stone Fish are extremely well camouflaged and gives them the upper hand when trying to get away from predators but from my perspective stone fish aren’t the best things to eat in the ocean. Scientists in Sydney Australia have designed special type of boots to resist anything up to coral and even the spines of stone fish which are known for piercing through shoes.

Better ways of avoiding stone fish can be to not swim on the bottom of the ocean with coral where the might be or to just observe and not to touch so pretty much all common sense stuff.

People need to be more aware of the stone fish and how much they can harm you and notify more people around Australia.

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