What are some examples of institutional racism?
Different ways students even as young as ages 3 and 4 are treated in school.
Preschoolers Receiving Suspensions
Despite efforts at desegregation in schools, many kids are still attending predominantly minority populated schools, which are poorly funded.
The institutionalization of residential schools in Canada in the indigenous population.
Boys in a Residential School
The persistence of Aboriginal peoples to live in poverty.
Neighbourhoods disproportionately affected by the housing crisis.
Mortgage denial rates to people of colour versus whites.
Home Mortgage Denial in the USA
Huge difference in overall household wealth.
Average Neighbourhood Poverty
Unfair predatory mortgage loan practices in communities of colour.
Prison populations overwhelmingly represented by people of colour, known as the prison industrial complex.
Black men receive much harsher sentences than their white counterparts for the same charges.
Sentence Length Comparison
Rates of child poverty vastly higher in the Aboriginal communities than the white communities.
Unemployment rates in minority communities much higher.
Ayers, William. "18: Teach Freedom." In Imagine Living in a Socialist USA, by Frances Goldin. New York, NY: Harper Perennial, 2014.
Canada, Employment And Social Development. "Aboriginal Labour Market Bulletin: Spring 2013." Canada.ca. December 03, 2015. Accessed April 09, 2017. https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/services/indigenous/bulletins/spring-2013.html.
Craven, Julia. "WordPress.com on WordPress.com." WordPress.com. September 29, 2014. Accessed April 09, 2017. http://curlycrayy.com/2014/09/29/reverse-racism-isnt-a-thing-yall/.
Goyette, Braden, and Alissa Scheller. "15 Charts That Prove We're Far From Post-Racial." The Huffington Post. July 02, 2014. Accessed April 09, 2017. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/02/civil-rights-act-anniversary-racism-charts_n_5521104.html.
Kilpatrick-White, David. "How to Use Controversial Images to Engage Students in History | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed." How to Use Controversial Images to Engage Students in History | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. Accessed April 09, 2017. http://www.blackpast.org/classroom/how-use-controversial-images-engage-students-history.
Little, William. "Introduction to Sociology – 1st Canadian Edition." Chapter 11. Race and Ethnicity | Introduction to Sociology – 1st Canadian Edition. Accessed April 09, 2017. https://opentextbc.ca/introductiontosociology/chapter/chapter11-race-and-ethnicity/.
Love, David. "Blacks at a 54% Greater Risk of Having High-Interest." Our Voice - The Magazine. February 08, 2016. Accessed April 09, 2017. http://1ourvoicemag.com/2016/02/08/blacks-at-a-54-greater-risk-of-having-high-interest/.
Macdonald, David. "5 Reasons We Can't Ignore Indigenous Families and Children This Election." Behind the Numbers. September 22, 2015. Accessed April 09, 2017. http://behindthenumbers.ca/2015/09/22/5-reasons-we-cant-ignore-indigenous-families-and-children-this-election/.
"Must See: The Reason 1 Out of 3 Black Men Go to Prison." Urban Cusp. September 09, 2014. Accessed April 09, 2017. http://www.urbancusp.com/2014/09/must-see-video-the-reason-a-lot-of-black-men-are-in-prison/.