The Inca ruled Northern Chile while the Mapuche inhabited Central and Southern Chile. In 1810 Chile declared independence after victory over the Spanish, but it wasn't achieved until 1818. The economic policies have been consistent since the 1980's. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international relationship roles, benefitting its status as a stable nation.
Population: 17,650,114 World Rank: 64
Chile has a market oriented economy. They have high levels of foreign trade and a reputation for strong financial institutions. Export of goods and services account a approximately one third of GDP. Commodities make up 60% of total exports and copper makes up to 20% alone. GDP World Rank: 45
Unemployment Rate: 16.1 % World Rank: 73
Chile produces a third of the worlds Copper. The mining sector is one of their main industries.
Government Type: Presidential Republic- A nation that doesn't have a Queen or King, they elect their own head of state.
15 Regions: Los Lagos, Los Rios, Biobío, Antofagasta, etc.
Independence: September 18th 1810
Chiles Constitution has changed over the years. It has been in effect sine March 11th 1981. Amended many times, last in 2011. In late 2015 the Chilean Government initiated a process to reform the Constitution.
Their civil law system has been influenced by many Western European civil legal systems.
Suffrage (Voting Age): 18 years old, universal
Executive Branch: Chief of State: President Michelle Bachelet Jeria
Cabinet Elections: Appointed by the President.
Legislative Branch: Bicameral. 38 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by majority vote to serve 8-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 4 years.
Elections: Senate - last held on 17 November 2013 next to be held on 15 November 2017; Chamber of Deputies - last held on 17 November 2013 next to be held on 15 November 2017
Judicial Branch: Consist of the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court. Supreme Court is appointed by the President and ratified by the Senate from a list of candidates.