What we've learned in Photo this semester! Lisa Mears & Lily Moore


Made by using light sensitive paper and placing transparent and or solid materials to expose or not expose the paper to light to create an image of over lapping items if desired

Materials Used

We used money, sea shells, a transparent bag, and a ribbon

Pinhole Camera

Light proof box with a tiny pinhole aperture.

Opening and closing the shutter allows for light to travel into the box creating an upsidedown image on the photo paper inside that you then develops in the dark room
Amount of time you should open the shutter

Shutter Speed

Position person 12-15 feet away. For freeze use bright sun behind you, for blur and panning use open shade. The higher the shutter speed (1/1600) the more in focus the photo. For a lower shutter speed (1/6) you will get a more blurry background. Also consider aperture, The bigger the aperture the more light let in, the smaller the aperture the least light let in.

Panning: f/22 @ 1/6

Freeze: f/4 @ 1/1600

Blur: f/8 @ 1/50


A space through which light passes and enters a camera. The larger the aperture the more in deeper the depth of field.

Shallow Depth of Field (blurry background)


Deep Depth of Field (everything in focus)


3-Point Lighting

  1. Place model directly in front of back light which faces the back drop
  2. Have person hold reflecter to shy away from shadows
  3. Turn on two lights, one for the hair and a key light and have them facing the model from the left and right
  4. Stand directly in front of model and shoot at eye level capturing only just below the shoulders
  5. Be sure to not show the back light in the photo and keep the model centered directly in the middle of the back light circle


Our story: A psychotic break down

Used Polaroid camera to shoot 5 photos that tell a story. Everyone's story was unique.

B&W Film Processing

Changing Room: loading film into cannister

Before winding film into realm open film cartridge with the bottle opener and cut end of with scissors

Chemical Processing in Sink

1. Add 5 ounces D76

5 ounces Water

10 ounces all together

Pour into cannister and agitate for 5 seconds every minute depending on temperature

2. STOP BATH: Add 10 ounces of water and agitate for 30 seconds

3. FIXER: Add 10 ounces of fixer and agitate 10 seconds every minute for 5 minutes

4. PHOTO FLOW: Remove film and wash in photo flow

Remove film from photo flow, attach hangers and hang film in dryer

Sleeves: safe place for the film

Contact Sheet: Allows you to see your photos and pick the ones in focus

Grain Focuser: to make sure the image is as sharp as possible adjust focusing nob until what looks like sand appears

Test strip: Expose test strip to light in fourths each section for 5 seconds

Develop test strip in D-76 and Stop then look at results to see how many seconds is the best to develop your photo

The Enlarger is used to project your image on to your photo paper

Negative Carriers hold your negative in place in the enlarger

Contrast Filters: the higher the more the contrast (blacker the blacks and whiter the whites)

Speed Easel and RC Paper for printing

Burn and Dodge Tools: allow for parts of the photo that are too dark or too light compared to the rest of the photo to get less or more light


D-76: Developes the photo

90 seconds

Stop Bath: stops the photo from developing any further

30 seconds

Fixer: makes the photo last longer

3 minutes

Wash: Rinses the photo

5 minutes

Squeegee: removes excess liquid

Dryer: dries photo

Dry Mount

  1. Flip over photo and place sheet of tissue paper on top
  2. iron a small circle in the center of the back of the photo
  3. Flip over photo and place on top of board
  4. Lift up picture leaving tissue paper down and iron tissue paper to board allowing for photo to stick to board
  5. Put whole thing in oven for 2 minutes
  6. Remove and place under books to keep together and from bending and allow to cool down


Loading/Unloading Film

  1. Pop open camera by lifting latch on left hand side
  2. Place film cartridge in camera and pull film and insert into the real on the right hand side of camera
  3. Twist latch that opened camera three times until film is tight and ready
  4. Close camera and push latch back down

Focus: Half press shutter gently


Aperture: Turn ring closest to the body of the camera marked with 2.8-22


Shutter Speed: Turn shutter speed dial on top of camera marked 2-1000

Shutter Speed Dial

Exposure: The ISO Dial allows you to adjust the exposure which may be mark as ASA

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