- Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish American industrialist
- led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late
- 19th century built a leadership role as a philanthropist for the United States and the British Empire
- During the last 18 years of his life, he gave away to charities, foundations, and universities about $350 million – almost 90 percent of his fortune.
- At age 30, he resigned his railroad position to go into business for himself with his former bosses at the Pennsylvania Railroad
- early 30s, he had accumulated his first fortune in oil wells, iron manufacturing, bridge building, and bond trading.
- Andrew Carnegie's philanthropic career began around 1870
- supported myriad projects and causes
- he is best known for his gifts of free public library buildings, beginning in his native Dunfermline and ultimately extending throughout the English-speaking world, including the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand
- In 1887, Carnegie married Louise Whitfield of New York City