Full Time and Part Time
Full time employment is usually where the employee has to work for a set minimum amount of hours, they are basically working almost every weekday. These hours are set by the employer. Full time offers a very steady income and you have the ability to take annual leave and receive sick pay. Most companies usually require you to work roughly thirty five to forty hours a week, this around eight hours each day of the week (not including weekends.) Full Time is usually paid in salaries, you will receive pay every month which by the end of the year should total up to your set salary.
Working part time often results in having to work a shift, these shifts are often rotational and can change at almost anytime. In a common scenario, a part time employee will work less than 30 hours a week. A part time job will not require the employee to be in work everyday, so compared to full time, a part time employee will have more personal time. Full time is commonly paid in salaries while part time is normally paid hourly, for example, £9 an hour, for each hour of their shift they would would receive £9.
Pros and Cons
Having a full time job allows you to take paid time off, where you still will get paid even during your holidays and vacations. You do not get paid during holidays if you have a part time job. Most businesses will see part-time employees as more expendable than full-time, due to their lack of extra benefits and lower pay, as well as because full-time are highly trained so they're much harder to replace.
Working part-time you have a very flexible schedule with time for a social life, however with a full-time job you kiss your social life goodbye as your scheduling is not as adjustable.
Fixed Term contracts are contracts that only last for a set period of time, normally, it would last for a set number of days and once time is up the employee would have to leave the job. It doesn't always have to be time based, sometimes the contract will end once a specific task or event has been performed and completed. Fixed term contracts can either be full time or part time, but they are more commonly part time.
Business' often ask for fixed term contracts during specific times of the year, for example, shops and retailer would offer fixed term contracts during Christmas time, as that is when they will be at their busiest and will require more staff to offer a helping hand. A fixed term employee should be treated no differently to a full term employee.
What Doesn't Count?
Sometimes workers don't apply as fixed-term employees, for example, if the employee is a member of the armed forces, then they cannot count as fixed-term, the same goes for if they are working under as an apprentice, student or work experience placement. You are not a fixed term employee if you are a member of the armed forces.
Ending the Contract Early
If the employer wants to end the contract early and it was stated within the terms and agreement there is not a whole lot you can do about it, as long as they have given you an appropriate amount notice prior. However if none of this is stated then the employer is breaching the contract. If the employee wants to leave early they must make sure they have given the employer a proper amount of notice before hand, sometimes this time span is stated within the contract.
Zero Hour Contracts
A zero hour contract means you are only called into work when required. Unfortunately this means employers do not have to give employees work, but employees can decline the work given to them if they wish.
Employees under zero hour contracts can accept jobs from multiple employers if they wish to do so, if work hasn't appeared from one employer, they can take work offered from another until work finally appears. Employers are still responsible for the health and safety of their employees, that is if they have currently taken a job and currently working a task for the employer.