Lewis and Clark Expedition By bria and chloe F.

The key players in the expedition: Thomas Jefferson, William Clark, Meriwether Lewis, Indians, York, The Corps of Discovery, and Sacagawea.

MERRIWEHTER LEWIS:

He was born on August 18, 1774 near Ivy, Virginia. He was a member of the state militia. He was asked to be Thomas Jefferson's secretary by Thomas Jefferson, and was later asked by him to lead the expedition. He also helped quell the Whisky Rebellion.

YORK:

He was born in Caroline County, Virginia in 1770. He was a slave, and was owned by William Clark at the age of 14. He was a manservant, and Clark rejected his freedom. He was taken along on the journey, and was a expedition hunter. He died from a disease called cholera sometime in 1832.

WILLIAM CLARK:

He was born on August 1, 1770 in Cardine County, Virginia. He was invited to co-command the the expedition by Meriwether Lewis. He has an older brother named George Roger Clark, and owned a slave named York, who was brought along the Expedition.

SACAGAWEA:

Born circa (about) 1788, in Lemni County, Idaho. She was the daughter of the Shoshone chief, and as a young girl she was captured by an enemy tribe. November 1804, she was invited to join the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a Shoshone interpreter, and was the only woman on the expedition. She was 16 years old and was traveling with the group along with her huband and infant son.

THOMAS JEFFERSON:

Born on April 13 1743, Shadwell, Virginia. He ordered the expedition, and requested to have Meriwhether Lewis to command the expedition.

THE NATIVE AMERICANS:

The Native Americans helped the explorers as they traveled in the new land. They had offered food and valuable advice about the geography. The expedition has come in contact with nearly fifty Native American tribes.

The items taken on this journey are: Mathmatical instruments, Arms and Accoutrements, Ammunition, Clothing, Camp Equipage, Provisions and Means of subsistence, Indian presents, Means of Transportation, Medicine, and Materials for making up the Various Articles into portable Packs.

The route that was taken by the Lewis and Clark expedition

The route begins in Washington D.C., and zigzags along the eastern seaboared, including the states of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania. It then proceeds through Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, and Misouri. The trail then menders through the Great Plains of Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota, and continues through the mountains and valleys of Montana, Idaho, Washington, and Oregon concluding at the Pacific Ocean.

Plants and Animals discovered on Expedition

The mountain goat, Coyote, and Mountain Beaver were 3 that were discovered among a lot more on the journey.

Mountain Goat on the right, Mountain Beaver in the middle, Coyote on the left.

The plants that were discovered on this trip are Sweet grass and Wild Rose. Sweet Grass: It's Native to the upper latitudes of the northern hemisphere from Alaska to New Finland and as far south as New England. It's been used as incense in spiritual and religious ceremonies, perfume, braided into necklaces and bracelets. Wild Rose: There are more than 100 species of wild roses. The Wild Rose petals are sometimes candied or used plain in salads, while the seedy fruits of the rose are edible. The name for the seedy fruit is called "hips" which comes from an ancient word meaning "bramble" which in the U.S. commomly denotes any thorny bush. Lewis was sufficietly familiar with the genus back home to recogize the new species. He termed it "small rose of the prarie" which he found on Spetember, 5 1804.

Wild Rose and Sweetgrass.

The accomplishments and hardships along the Expedition:

One accomplishment that they had was that they could feed people on the entire Expedition. Another accomplishment is that Lewis and Clark discovered and described 122 species of animals along the journey. A third accomplishment is that they brought back priceless information about the west and its peoples.

One hardship that was faced along the journey is that the communication during the entire espedition was complicated. Another hardship was that they didn't know what their next meal would be. A third hardship was rowig upstream the Missouri River's strong current left the explorers' hands blistered and sore, while mosquitoes feasted on their sunburned faces.

The resources that we used:

Accomplishments/hardships: Book source

Animals: Binder

Reading Guide: Explorers Reading.docx

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