iPod Battery By: Simrit SIdhu

Hi, my name is Simrit Sidhu and today I will be talking to you about the iPod but specifically the iPod's battery. I will touch on the elements found in the device along with the re-usable material there origin and mode of destruction. I will also be talking about who and how long someone uses this device and its pros and cons. I hope you enjoy my info-graphic poster!

A specific element that would be found in an iPod's battery would be lithium-ion, this is used in most batteries as it is light, can be charged quickly and because its charge can last longer then other materials. Although lithium is a large part of an iPod's battery there are other elements such as graphite as the anode (the negatively charged electrons) ,cobalt (cathode) the main element (the positively charged electrons) and aluminum as the casing. When the battery is being used the anode and the cathodes switch between each other as the flow reverses each other. This is the break down of an iPod's battery.

The company Apple has come out with a new goal to reuse materials (there goal is the ultimately get rid of mining for things such a materials need to create electronics) from old product as they have invented a line of robots (called Liam, the image of this is the background of the next page) that take apart the products to easily access the materials that are able to be reused. The materials that are able to be harvested now are things such as copper from the battery, aluminum to create Mac mini computers, precise metals and tin from the solder (in the logic board) in the iPhone 6. In the future they are looking to reuse gold, silver, rare earth metals, tungsten, platinum group metals, cobalt and tantalum.

The main elements (in the battery of an iPod) such as lithium is found and mined in Chili the leading producer followed by Argentina. Other materials mined are graphite, cobalt, and aluminum. Graphite is mainly found in china as is cobalt and aluminum but can also be found in Canada, India, Brazil and Sir Lanka.

iPod 5 battery

Since an iPod is a device that comes from a company called Apple it would be eligible to be given to apple to be recycled. Once given the company would determine the market value of the item as you will receive a gift card of that amount. If the device has no value they would recycle the device for a payment of $30. Apple has made it easy for electronics to be recycled as they want to eliminate mining for the future.

Apple's recycling logo!

Everybody is different as some people can take care of items while others are clumsy (like me) so there is no telling of how long one could use an electronic, although there is telling of how long the devices battery could last. The iPod was made to power up for a certain amount of time and a certain number of charges before the battery begins to loose charge (as my iPod did), this means that most iPod's will need a battery change (for and iPod 5 it generally costs $80). The battery will generally last you from 6 months to a year before you need to replace it.

Out of 18.6 million iPod's sold worldwide nearly 12 million were sold in the United States

Pros and cons. Societal pros: iPod's have made life easier for humans to listen to music rather than using something like a Walkman, as all the songs are downloaded onto one device meaning you have easier access. Societal cons: iPod's are fun and cool except for the people that cant afford one leaving them to feel left out. iPod's have also taken a toll on safety as music has become more mobile people began to listen to music without thinking and end up getting into more accidents because they didn't pay any attention to their environment/surrounding. Environmental pros: A good thing about having iPod's to hold music is that is doesn't require the use of CD's. CD's are harmful to the environment as they consist of three layers plastic, aluminum and acrylic, which are extremely harmful to the environment (from the manufacturing). Since the music on an iPod is downloaded online the use of CD's is going down creating less greenhouse gases. Environmental cons: Although the use of CD's are going down the need for iPod's are going up but CD's only release 3.2 kg or greenhouse gases while iPod's release 23 kg of greenhouse gases. This is bad for the environment as greenhouse gases are causing global warming. Economic pros: The need for iPod's began to rise and more manufacturing employment were available (2004) which raised the amount of jobs significantly (the amount of jobs needed was around 27,250). Economic cons: Apple makes a lot of money so the economy began to depend on the company for support. This isn't ideal because Apple could have a sudden drop in sales creating problems with the economy (this would create problems for the workers and many more).

I hope you enjoyed and learned something from my info-graphic poster!

Bibliography

http://www.batteryeducation.com/2007/04/what_is_inside_.html

http://www.compoundchem.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/The-Chemical-Elements-of-a-Smartphone-v2.png

http://fortune.com/2009/07/23/where-in-the-world-are-those-18-6-million-ipod-touches/

http://www.visualcapitalist.com/extraordinary-raw-materials-iphone-6s/

http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/archive/the_high_power_lithium_ion

http://fortune.com/2009/07/23/where-in-the-world-are-those-18-6-million-ipod-touches/

https://autonomieproject.wordpress.com/tag/environmental-impact-of-ipods/

https://www.apple.com/

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