Two Presidential Plans
President Abraham Lincoln has been replaced after his assasination just a few days ago. Andrew Johnson has taken over the duties of being President of the Untied States, and plans to also take over the reconstruction of the nation. He will be using a plan modeled after Lincolns original plan. Lincoln wanted to restore the Union as quickly as possible, and to do that he couldn't punish the Confederacy for what they had done. If 10% of a states voters took an oath pledging their loyalty to the United States, the state could be readmitted.
Johnson wants the Confederate States to follow 3 different rules to be readmitted. Each state must cancel their act of secession, ratify the 13th amendment, and acknowledge that the government of the U.S would not pay their Civil War debts. With these rules, mostly every white Southerner will have to swear an oath of loyalty to the United States, just as Lincoln had called for. Until the states are readmitted, they will have a provisional government with federal troops to protect them.
New Texas Governor Appointed
ANDREW J. HAMILTON, NEW TEXAS GOVERNOR
Andrew Hamilton has been appointed Texas Governor by President Johnson because he is loyal to the Union. Both men have hope to return Texas to the United States sooner rather than later, and to do so peacefully. Hamilton has called for a convention with the election delegates to meet in Austin to write a new constitution that would allow them to re-enter the Union. The convention will be held in February, and will craft the new constitution hopefully by April. It could be a whole new constitution, or just an edited version of the one that they had before the Civil War.
A New Texas Constitution
The constitutional convention in Texas lasted for almost 3 months, but has finally come to an end. In those months, the delegates of the convention and Hamiltons supporters debated on whether equal rights to freedmen would be added to the ammended constitution of Texas. Hamilton, being a unionist, believed that equal rights for freedmen was the right thing to do. On the other hand, the delegates argued that in order to rejoin the union, Texas had to follow certain requirements, and none of those required that they give freedmen any rights. Once the new constitution was finished with laws stating that freedmen could not vote, hold public office, serve on juries, or testify against any white person in court, Texas voters approved it. A new state government has been elected, and the majority of the legislature is Ex-Confederates. They refuse to ratify the thirteenth and fourteenth amendment, which give rights to free people. They have, however, enacted Black Codes which limit the rights of freedmen.
Freedmen Get The Vote!
The Freedmens Bureau has accomplished the unbelievable in the south. Over 50,000 free African Americans are now registered to vote! Other registered Freedmen are helping others get registered all around the south. This is truly looks like the beginning of the end... of construction!
Mass Murder by the KKK
Today is a tragic day in the south and in the United States. In Houston, Texas, a new negro high school had just finished being built and had opened for its first day of education. Almost 300 students arrived at school like another ordinary day, except a few hours later everything changed. One survivor, Val Martinez, shares her traumatic experience with me.
There was a large crash from one of the other halls, and then an explosion. I saw other students running through the halls and I followed them to any exit they pushed me to.
Another strike by the KKK. 115 students and teachers were killed, 47 were injured, and 3 juniors are missing. The school will reopen on a later date after the damage has been cleared away. Though it may one day open its doors to African American students once again, that day is very far from today. The attacks have been getting worse and worse this month. A few weeks ago, small gang of KKK members set a northerners house on fire in Georgia. The man is what they call a Carpetbagger, or someone from the north that brings to much with them to the south. He and his family were not in the house at the time and are not hurt, but are in terrible condition with nowhere to go. In addition, earlier this week in Mississippi a single mother was found in her room stabbed to death. The authorities believe that the act was because she supported Reconstruction. Her children, ages 2 and 4, are currently with their aunt and uncle in a safer place.