Benito Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883. He was born in Dovia di Predappio, Froli, Italy. His parents were Alessandro a blacksmith who believed in socialism and his mother, Rosa, a catholic school teacher.
Mussolini joined the Italian army in 1915, after his socialist group rejected his idea that World War One would be good for Italy. He reached the rank of corporal before getting wounded and discharged from the Italian army.
When the war ended, Mussolini resumed advancing in politics. He criticized the weak Italian government. He then organized several right-winged Italian political groups. In 1919 he formed the fascist party.
To help his political agenda, Mussolini created the black shirts who took out his political opponents and forced his agenda.
By 1922 Italy's government was in chaos and Benito Mussolini said he was the only one who could fix it and was promptly given authority.
Map of how the Italians attacked Ethiopia.
In 1935, Mussolini invaded Ethiopia to show off his military prowess. Mussolini's advanced army easily took over Ethiopia and declared it apart of the New Italian Empire. Impressed with his military power Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini signed the Pact of Steel in 1939. He later invaded Greece. In 1944 Allied forces liberated Italy and captured Musolini, he later tried escaping and was executed.