African Lion Azaan Mohiuddin

The Organism i'm presenting today is the African Lion. The habitat my organism lives is sub-saharan Africa and places with scrub, grasslands and open woodlands such as countries like Angola, Botswana, and South Sudan. The African lion is a large carnivorous mammal like organism that is an apex predator in it's habitat. The African Lion weighs 420 pounds as an adult male and 280 pounds for an adult female. The male lion grows a large dark mane when it starts to mature. These organisms live in very social groups called a pride, the African Lions pride is different from other lion because they have 3 males and a dozen females along with there young. This organism belongs to the Felidae family. Modern African Lions have first evolved around 124,000 years ago.

The closest relatives to the African Lion is the cheetah, tigers, domestic cats, jaguar, leopard, cheetah, cougar, lynx, caracal, and the ocelots.

Almost 95% of dna is the same between big and house cats with the African Lion. Lions came from the family of Dormaalocyon Latouri along with most carnivores. Tigers seem to have a long foot and heel where African lions don't this is shown because the two have adapted to there habitats.

Some scientists think that Lions don't really need there claws because there sharp teeth do enough work to kill it's prey, they also can maintain traction well without sinking there claws into the dirt, making this somewhat of a vestigial structure. A vestigial structure is a body part where the organism doesn't need it that specific function anymore but still have it because there ancestors before them had it. A good example is the saber tooth Lion where it used its claws to scale small inclined rocks or trees and to kill animals

Smilodon (Saber tooth)
Xenosmilus

The African shares many characteristics with these two ancient Big cats some things that are different is the large two fangs in the front where the lion doesn't have any more due to smaller prey and that all parts of the rib cage connect with the ancient cats and not the Lion. This probably happened because the lion doesn't need as much structure and muscle as before.

At first it looks like any other animals embryo but than the lion starts to develop it's legs, paws , hair along with a tail. Most cats, domestic, Big or wild look almost the same when they are embryos which can prove that they evolved from the same branch of prehistoric big cats

www.Livescience.com www.nationalgeographic.com www.bbc.co.uk www.Nhptn.org www.ifscience.com www.answers.com www.scientification.com

The end

Credits:

Created with images by Just chaos - "African Lion" • Drew Avery - "Lion" • James St. John - "Smilodon californicus (saber-toothed tiger) (La Brea Asphalt, Upper Pleistocene; Rancho La Brea tar pits, Los Angeles, southern California, USA) 1"

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