Prohibition was the ratification of the 18th amendment to the constitution. The 18th amendment banned the sale, manufacture, and transportation of all alcohol. Many rural protestants thought drinking to be sinful unless for religious purposes, and that outlawing it would reduce prostitution and alcohol related violence. For many progressives living in urban areas, it was part of life, and they were outraged by Prohibition.
Excerpt from Library of Congress: "The prohibition movement achieved initial successes at the local and state levels. It was most successful in rural southern and western states, and less successful in more urban states. By the early 20th century, prohibition was a national movement"
Bureau of Prohibition was in place from 1920-1933 to enforce Prohibition
Citizens buy alcohol on last day before Prohibition commences
Women pours liquor from her cane
Excerpt from Gilder Lehrman: "Whether smuggled from Canada, homemade, or redistilled from industrial alcohol, liquor commanded high prices on the black market. Gangsters like Al Capone and George Remus provided alcohol to many consumers, and some became folk heroes. But their celebrity images obscured the reality of how liquor profits underwrote organized crime’s development. Criminal organizations profited from Americans’ insatiable desire for liquor, and then defended those profits by murdering hundreds of their competitors and infiltrating legitimate businesses, labor unions, and government."
Only alcoholic drinks that were allowed was Wine for religious purposes
This illustrates the concept of "Gas and Breaks" because it is progressive in the eyes of some, while very regressive in the eyes of others. Many small-town protestants thought this would improve people's behavior in society, reduce domestic violence and other violent behaviors that are related to alcohol. However, Prohibition led to even more alcohol consumption and solved very few problems. Smuggled Alcohol could not be taxed by the government who gained no revenue. This is why in the end, proved to be very regressive.
It is evident to me that when the government tries to control the populous to an overwhelming extent, it does not work. Making Alcohol unlawful, inclined more people to abuse it. Even if the government has good intentions, It is not American for them to become overly involved in citizens lives.