Hatshepsut The first female pharaoh

early life

This is a statue Neferure(to the left) and Hatshepsut as a child (to the right)

Early Life- A daughter of King Thutmose I, Hatshepsut became queen of Egypt when she married her half-brother, Thutmose II, around the age of 12. Upon his death, she began acting as regent for her stepson, the infant Thutmose III, but later took on the full powers of a pharaoh, becoming co-ruler of Egypt around 1473 B.C. As pharaoh, Hatshepsut extended Egyptian trade and oversaw ambitious building projects, most notably the Temple of Deir el-Bahri, located in western Thebes, where she would be buried. Depicted (at her own orders) as a male in many contemporary images and sculptures, Hatshepsut remained largely unknown to scholars until the 19th century.

Ancient egyptian education

Although most pharaohs were taught at school, Hatshepsut did not go to school, instead she had tutors to teach her.

occupation

Hatshepsut was the first female pharaoh

Significant events or beliefs in the life of the individual

One of Hatshepsut's major achievements was expanding the trade routes of Ancient Egypt. Most notably was an expedition to the Land of Punt, which became a major trade partner supplying Egypt with gold, resin, wood, ivory, and wild animals. Scholars still debate the exact location of Ancient Punt, but many believe it to be roughly modern-day Somalia to Sudan.Due partially to these new trade networks, her reign was marked by wealth, prosperity, and peace. Hatshepsut sent five massive ships to open trade with Punt; they returned filled with 30 live myrrh trees and other gifts, including frankincense. According to the legend, Hatshepsut was the first to turn charred frankincense into eye-liner. Apparently, she knew how to accessorize.Besides trade, Hatshepsut also oversaw an immense period of building across Egypt and may be responsible for hundreds of grand buildings and statues, along with her architect Ineni. Like most pharaohs, she added buildings to the massive temple complex at Karnak, but also restored old temples there and had two obelisks erected there; at the time, they were the tallest in the world.

Hatshepsut conducted trade with a neighboring country called Punt. According to archaeologists, it is believed that no Egyptian ruler was more successful in Punt than Hatshepsut. She strived to earn the obedience, trust and loyalty of officials in order to keep her enemies at bay. After her death, her successor Thutmose III attempted to eliminate any reference to Hatshepsut with the intention of getting the credit for her achievements. He erased her images in temples and monuments, which made it difficult for scholars to learn about her life.

Hatshepsut had strong supporters within her circles to ensure her protection. She mandated ambitious building projects, especially in western Thebes, that exceeded those of her predecessors. The most impressive building was the memorial temple at Deir el-Bahri, which is considered as one of the best architectural designs in ancient Egypt. She encouraged external trade that brought richness to Egypt, including ivory, gold, leopard skins and ebony.

Marriage and family life

Marriage and Family life- Hatshepsut’s family was Thutmose II, Nefrubity, Thutmose I, Ahmose. Thutmose I, was Hatshepsut’s father. Thutmose I was the third pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. He received the throne after the death of the previous king, Amenhotep I. Thutmose II, Hatshepsut's brother and spouse, was the fourth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. He built some minor monuments and initiated at least two minor campaigns but did little else during his rule and was probably strongly influenced by his wife, Hatshepsut. Nefrubity, sister of Hatshepsut, was an ancient Egyptian princess of the 18th dynasty. She was the daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose I and Ahmose, the sister of Hatshepsut and the half-sister of Thutmose II, Wadjmose and Amenmose. Ahmose, was hatshepsut's mother, was an Ancient Egyptian queen in the Eighteenth Dynasty. She was the Great Royal Wife of the dynasty's third pharaoh, Thutmose I, and the mother of the queen and pharaoh Hatshepsut. Her name means "Born of the Moon".

Death

Hatshepsut's Death and Legacy. Hatshepsut probably died around 1458 B.C., when she would have been in her mid-40s. She was buried in the Valley of the Kings, located in the hills behind Deir el-Bahri. But in 2007, Egyptian authorities announced that Hatshepsut's mummy had turned up in a nearby tomb. A CT scan revealed that she had died in her 50s of bone cancer and also suffered from diabetes and arthritis.

Impact on history

Hatshepsut was famous for SO many things. For starters, it was VERY rare for a women to become a Pharaoh. At that time, women didn't have many rights. Another thing, of course, is her OUTSTANDING buildings and monuments (in case you forgot)... the obelisks and The Great Mortuary Temple. Also, which is so fascinating, is around 1492 BC, Hatshepsut went on a trade expedition with 5 ships down the Red Sea. The point of this exposition was to get myrrh, cinnamon, frankincense, gold & ivory...I know, I know it sounds boring, but there were several reasons why this expedition was important. First, it was the first time trees (myrrh) had been transplanted to another area and survived!!! Secondly, she reestablished trade networks that had been disrupted for a long time. And finally, she changed the way trading happened by cutting out the middleman.

This is karnak temple Hatshepsut built for Amun-Ra
*Did you know that Hatshepsut was an obese woman who died of bone cancer or diabetes
*The name Hatshepsut means "Foremost of Noble Ladies".
*Her father Thutmose I was a general, but became Pharaoh because the previous Pharaoh did not have a son.
*As a way to justify becoming pharaoh, she claimed that she was the daughter of the god Amun

*Sources*

"Hatshepsut." Hatshepsut — National Geographic Magazine. Chip Brown, 25 Apr. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

History.com Staff. "Hatshepsut." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 13 Mar. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

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