Boreal Forest Northern America

Climate of the Forest in Canada

Average Annual Rainfall: 18-38 cm, Max: 42 cm, Min: 15 cm

Average Temperature: 32 degrees Fahrenheit Min: -26 degrees F Max: 106 degrees F

Strong seasonal variation- Short warm and moist summers & extremely cold and dry winters

Boreal/Taiga Forest also known as the Coniferous Forest (made up of Coniferous trees)

Net Primary Productivity

  • The Boreal forest takes the 2nd most percent of the Earth's land surface
  • It is located between 50 degrees latitude North and the Arctic circle
  • Species diversity is much lower when comparing tho the temperate forest

Soil Quality

  • Short Growing Season
  • Soil has few nutrients
  • Not used for farming

Invasive and Endangered

Common Reed

This is an invasive species, this strand is not native to Canada. This plant most likely came from Europe through trade. Common Reed crowds out native species and costs Canada around 2 billion per year and changes the structure of the ecosystem.

Canada Lynx

The Canada lynx is protected under the Endangered Species Act as a threatened species. Located in Northern America, It is endangered because of Poaching (Overharvesting in HIPPCO) and for Habitat destruction and fragmentation (H in HIPPCO)

Animals in the Boreal/Taiga biome


  • Have large and flat hooves to help distribute their weight better
  • Their coats allow for them to keep their body warm in cold temperatures

Grey Wolves

  • Wolves hunt in packs encircling their prey before attacking them
  • They have large paws have fleshy pads and claws for traction and helps provide better support in snow.

Red Squirrel

  • Strong muscle in forearms, abdominals and paws to help jump from tree to tree
  • Also has sharp, curved claws that help when climbing

Plants in the Boreal/Taiga Biome

Coniferous Tree

  • Trees are tall and narrow so snow can slide of branches without breaking them
  • Trees grow close together for protection from wind

Jack Pine

  • Thick-medium bark that helps with fire tolerance
  • Birds and squirrels catch some of their seeds and spreads them


  • Has the ability to make own food when temperatures are low
  • Have tissues that seal out wind, rain and the cold.
Created By
Shadae Nicholas

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