John Locke, an English Philosopher who was one of the most influential Enlightenment philosophers.
The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement that brought drastic changes in social and natural science. A lot of social science changes came from the ideas of John Locke and Deism rose to popularity as the thought that God created natural laws and let us roam without intervention. Although this was a time where many ideas were rethought and questioned women still were thought of as lesser than men. There were many debates whether women were equal or not most saying they were not. Jean Jacques Rousseau thought that women could be close to equal just if they received proper education, although on the contrary, he had an illiterate mistress with whom he had five kids with. Then, Mary Wollstonecraft said that if women were given the freedoms then they would become more like men. This time also obtained the nickname of "The Age of Reason" because during this time people started to think and question things more and to find reasons why things would happen. During this time the scientific method became popular and was used to understand why some natural things happened. During this time education was thought to be very important but, women were educated to take care of children and be good mothers and wives.
Darty, Amy. "Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry." Web. 6 Feb. 2017.
John Stalker and George Parker's design book that influenced many artists of the time
Enter the Dragon is a showcase of British enterprise from 1680-1710. It shows different pieces of art, jars and furniture and gives a brief description of each piece. It also goes into detail describing where the artist was inspired or what they were influenced by to create what we now think of as a piece of art. John Stalker and George Parker created a design book that was very influential and was a great example of the Chinoiserie style of the time. They also published work showing how "japanning" works. This was layering gesso and varnish on furniture to make it look like Asian lacquer. This shows how Asian style influenced the British style of the time and specifically Chinoiserie.
"Enter the Dragon: The Beginnings of English Chinoiserie 1680-1710." Chipstone. Web. 6 Feb. 2017. http://www.chipstone.org/html/SpecialProjects/Dragon/01dragon.html
Of Elephants and Roses is an exhibit that talks about France after it's revolution and its natural history from 1790-1830. During this time Paris was a hub for life sciences. In this exhibit there is a section dedicated to elephants and the birth of paleontology, the study of fossils, at the hands of French scientist Georges Cuvier. He was sent fossilized mastodon teeth from Thomas Jefferson. At the Jardin des Plantes at the Paris Museum of Natural History and the Malmaison at the garden of Empress Josephine plants and animals were studied. This brought new developments that helped to increase productivity and diversity in farming and promoted France both economically and educationally. Both of these gardens had plants and animals from all over the world.
"Of Elephants & Roses: Encounters with French Natural History, 1790-1830" APS Museum. American Philosophical Society. Web. 06. Feb. 2017. http://www.apsmuseum.org/elephants-and-roses/
The Diderot's Encyclopedia is a exhibit of one of the most important books from the 1700s. This is the Encylopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des arts et des métiers. This book was a huge publication of over 2,500 engraved plates. During the time of its publication it was looked down upon because it was viewed as an attack on religious dogmatism and the monarchy. It also had documented many incredible mechanical feats and technology of the time. This exhibit includes thirty three pictures of the plates. In this exhibit it showcases many great technological developments of the time such as the papermill, ribbonmaking, surgery, needlemaking, tapestry weaving, letterpressing, making nets, and many pictures about wigs and the wig making process.
"Diderot's Encyclopedia Exhibit Preview." MIT Libraries Exhibits. MIT. Web. 06 Feb. 2017. https://libraries.mit.edu/exhibits/diderots-encyclopedia-exhibit-preview/