The First Vatican Council further defined papal infallibility, which holds that the pope is preserved from error when teaching dogmatically on matters of faith and morals when defending the pope.
The origins come directly from Christ's commissioning of peter to be the visible head of the church. The teaching was refaffirmed several times.
A difference was the second Vatican council began its teaching first on the ministry of the bishops and the first Vatican council dealt with faith and morals .
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