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Caribbean Coral Reef Conservation by india rose

The effects of global warming touch every human, animal, plant, ocean, landmass, and atmosphere level on this planet. The numerous effects of global warming are mixes of "good" and "bad" results, depending on how your definition of "good" results and "bad" results are. A "good" effect, a person could say, would be for regions with normally cold temperatures to receive warmer temperatures for their normal. Yet, there are more "bad" effects that seem to out weight the "good" effects.

Some of the effects would include increases of flooding, severe storm systems, and rising sea-levels. One major consequence would be an increase of temperature globally.

Coral reefs contain symbiotic algae called zooxanthellae which gives the coral its healthy brownish color. The algae "utilizes sunlight and the coral animal's respired CO2 to produce energy rich compounds that feed the coral host" (AIMS, 2003). When stress factors such as "heat, solar radiation, pollution, reduced salinity and changes in oxygenation" occur around the coral, bleaching can begin (Dennis). When bleaching occurs, the algae, which create nutrients for the coral to feed from, is released due to stresses to the reef.

Thus the coral starves and its white calcium carbonate skeleton of the coral becomes visible (AIMS, 2003). But one of the main stresses that contributes to the lifeless white appearance of the coral is the warmer temperatures of the sea surface water.

We must protect and help these beautiful ecosystems prosper, before it is too late.

Credits:

Created with images by John Anderson - "Underwater coral reef" • parabolstudio - "Global Warming and Pollution Concept - Sustainability (Elements of this image furnished by NASA)" • Ozgur Coskun - "Coral reefs in Hanauma Bay, Hawaii" • ead72 - "Coral Colony Bleaching" • kichigin19 - "underwater scenery, algae, clean clear water, mountain river cleanliness" • ead72 - "Bleached Coral Reef in Tropical Pacific"

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