Hemochromatosis is genetic disease that alters the body's way of absorbing iron. Hemochromatosis is when the body has an over load of iron because the body cant absorb it.
How many are Effected
Hemochromatosis effects over 1 million people. in america.if the extra iron in the body is left untreated then it can cause organ damage and it can eventually become fatal.
when not treated the iron will cause organ damage to the heart, liver, pancreas, joints and pituitary.
If Left Untreated
untreated hemochromatosis can cause other diseases such as
- diabetes mellitus
- irregular heart beat
- heart attacks
- Cirrhosis of the liver or liver cancer
- gall bladder disease
- and other cancers
joint pain is the most common complaint and is a symptom of hemochromatosis. other symptoms and complaints of this disease is that they are out of energy all the time, memory fog, abdominal pain, and heart flutters. the symptoms are shown in men during there late 20's and for woman the symptoms start to show about 10-15 years after they stop having a period due to menopause, or birth control pills,
In order to be diagnosed there is 3 tests that make up the iron panel test that needs to be taken. The three tests that are taken is the serum iron (SI),serum ferritin (SF), and the total iron binding capacity (TIBC).
What Cause Hemochromatosis
The causes for Hemochromatosis is a defect in the HFE gene. The HFE gene is needed to control the amount of iron that is absorbed in the food. Hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder and if passed on through generations.
To get the iron level back to normal Therapeutic blood removal, or phlebotomy is the most common way to get iron levels beck to normal. Regular blood donation can be done every 8 weeks. Some people might even have to donate blood 8 times in a month to keep they iron level normal.