Plato was born in 428 B.C and died in 348 B.C in Athens, Greece
He was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle
Both of his parents were from the Greek aristocracy
Plato's father, Ariston, descended from the kings of Athens and Messenia
His mother, Perictione, was said to be related to 6th century B.C Greek statesman, Solon
Was taught by some of Athens' finest educators due to his social standing
Plato's father died when he was relatively young
Philosophy and Main Ideals
Rejected the idea of democracy as a form of government
Believed that philosopher-kings should rule society
Thought that rule by people did not provide suitable policies
In his book, the Republic, he divided society in to 3 groups; at the top were the philosopher-kings, then the next class were the warriors (defended the city) and the last class were the rest of the people (produced the state's food, clothing, and shelter )
Plato and the parthenon
Impact on Greek society
Founded an open air school called the Academy in Athens where he delivered lectures to students
Wrote a book called the Republic which contained many of his beliefs including that Democracy is not a suitable form of government
Introduced the idea that government should be fair and just
Plato also believed that men and women should have the same education and an equal chance to have the same jobs
One modern example of Plato's philosophy is a lot of places in the world because the wealthy and educated run the government, then the soldiers get treated well for serving their country, then there are the rest of the people who take care of the rest of society such as making the clothes, farming the food, building the houses and everything else in between.
Another example of Plato's philosophy going to work in society is in the Renaissance, scholars like Petrarch used Plato's explorations of logic and geometry.
A last example of Plato's philosophy going to work in society is that he created the first university and that laid down the foundation for other universities today.