Plato By: Rishya Gutti

Who Was Plato?

  • Plato was born in 428 B.C and died in 348 B.C in Athens, Greece
  • He was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle
  • Both of his parents were from the Greek aristocracy
  • Plato's father, Ariston, descended from the kings of Athens and Messenia
  • His mother, Perictione, was said to be related to 6th century B.C Greek statesman, Solon
  • Was taught by some of Athens' finest educators due to his social standing
  • Plato's father died when he was relatively young

Philosophy and Main Ideals

  • Rejected the idea of democracy as a form of government
  • Believed that philosopher-kings should rule society
  • Thought that rule by people did not provide suitable policies
  • In his book, the Republic, he divided society in to 3 groups; at the top were the philosopher-kings, then the next class were the warriors (defended the city) and the last class were the rest of the people (produced the state's food, clothing, and shelter )
Plato and the parthenon

Impact on Greek society

  • Founded an open air school called the Academy in Athens where he delivered lectures to students
  • Wrote a book called the Republic which contained many of his beliefs including that Democracy is not a suitable form of government
  • Introduced the idea that government should be fair and just
  • Plato also believed that men and women should have the same education and an equal chance to have the same jobs
Greek theater

Modern examples

  • One modern example of Plato's philosophy is a lot of places in the world because the wealthy and educated run the government, then the soldiers get treated well for serving their country, then there are the rest of the people who take care of the rest of society such as making the clothes, farming the food, building the houses and everything else in between.
  • Another example of Plato's philosophy going to work in society is in the Renaissance, scholars like Petrarch used Plato's explorations of logic and geometry.
  • A last example of Plato's philosophy going to work in society is that he created the first university and that laid down the foundation for other universities today.

Sources

  • http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/plato
  • http://www.boone.kyschools.us/docs/building/9/unit%202%20chapter%2005.pdf
  • http://www.biography.com/people/plato-9442588

Credits:

Created with images by CManfredsson - "athens the parthenon greek" • tpsdave - "ephesus turkey greek"

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