Hydropower What is HYDRO-POWER?

What is Hydroelectric power? Hydroelectric power is a renewable source of energy which generates power from the energy of the moving water. Hydroelectricity is generated when the water falls through the water turbines. Hydroelectricity is really important to the nation because It is about 10% of total energy production. Canada has a large landmass and has substantial renewable resources which are produce energy, Including water, the wind, biomass, biomass, solar, geothermal, and ocean energy. Canada has also reproduced energy in the form of electricity, industrial heat, water, conditioning and transportation fuel.

What is the impact if you trade hydroelectricity? In the next 20 years, the hydro-power development could benefit Canada with over $125 billion including investments and a million jobs. Canada’s electricity exports are clean and renewable only because they came from hydro-power, but Canada sends energy to the U.S and Hydro-power is the majority which is sent. Also, this helps in eliminating tons of co2 each year because Canadians replace greenhouse gasses in the United States.

How do we get Hydroelectric power and promote it? The damage efforts that hydro-power industry promotes, the demand for electricity will continue because of the population in the world and the economic growth. The amount of the cars on the road can also turn into another demand. Canada’s hydro-power potential also can help reduce green house gases and air pollutants. All over Canada, there are hydro-power resources that are available for development. Hydro-power is more endure than other energy sources because it is able to renew items such as the wind and solar power.

How do people promote Hydroelectric power? Organisations in the U.S and Canada promote Hydroelectric power by the value and benefits of the hydro-power industries. They help their members in their professional lives. Membership-based trade organisations help the hydro-power industry by providing education, advocacy, training, networking opportunities and etc. With this, it doesn’t only help people but it helps expands their industry and have a better impact on regional and national levels.

Canada's exports and imports of hydro-power: Exporting and importing electricity systems to different province’s can get a cost-effective and competitive. Everyday, imports and exports are being made in Ontario. Interconnected means when the system is unexpected with different problems. An interconnected grid could also mean that Ontario can import power at a lower price. Power is only exported when it is not needed anymore. If Ontario did not have the ability to export generators, they would lose revenue streams which would cost them to maintain their facilities and maintaining their reliability. But if this is to happen, this cost would be paid by the Ontario consumers. Over these five years, Ontario moved forward to being a net exporter as they renew items such as; the coal-fired generating plants and renewing some serial nuclear units.

How does Hydroelectric power get distributed? 1- Behind the water reservoir dam, there is energy stored. Due to kinetic energy, when the water starts flowing down the pen-stock, from the dam, kinetic energy is used and turns the turbine. 2- Generator. When the water falls, series of blades attached to a shaft converts to kinetic energy to mechanical energy, which causes the turbine to turn. The shaft is attached to the generator, so when the turbines spin, the generator is started. Generator= Mechanical energy= into electric energy. 3- Grid+Transmission lines are tall metal towers, which carry high voltage electricity over a long distance. 4- Sub-transmission line supply power from the terminal stations to large distribution substations. 5- Electric power can be sold to customers who own and operate their own substations. Most customers prefer less voltage such as transformer then transmission voltage. 6- The distribution happens from transformers, meters and control and protective devices. At the substation, the voltage of the transmission is lowered so they can distribute it to residential, commercial and small and medium industrial customers.

How is hydro-power found? Issues of developing hydro power? Hydro-power is found when the water goes towards the turbines, with the help of the dam (only sometimes), which causes them to spin. When turning the turbines make the electrical generators to spin and make electricity. This is renewable and a non-polluting energy source. Hydro-energy is Canada’s largest source of electric power generation. The issues of developing hydro-power are that there too many hydroelectric facilities which fish, reservoir flooding and emissions of greenhouse gasses. Many new hydroelectric facilities can be facing economic hardship and underemployment.

What’s the renew-ability and non-renew-ability in Canada? Non-renewable sources are coal resources, crude oil and natural gas resources, uranium (nuclear energy). Renewable resources, biomass - wood and wood waste such as municipal solid waste, landfill gas, and bio-gas, ethanol and bio-diesel. Hydro-power, geothermal, wind and solar are the other. Hydro-power is renewable because fuel isn’t used to run the machine. This source is renewable because when the waters being generated, it’s using the earths water cycle.

Why are Canada’s hydroelectric power stored where it is? Power generators that are huge are now placed inside of dams. Water flows through the dams which then spins the turbine blades (They are made out of metal rather then leaves). This is connected to the generator which then produces power and then it is sent to homes and businesses.

Credits:

Created with images by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Savannah District - "Hartwell Dam Spillway Gate Test" • Deni Williams - "Usina Hidroelétrica Itaipu Binacional / Itaipu Dam" • United Nations Industrial Development Organization - "2014-DG's meeting with Speaker of Kyrgyz Parliament, Asylbek Zheenbekow" • ejaugsburg - "environmental protection nature conservation ecology" • fishermansdaughter - "water diversion for hydro power" • Bill Ward's Brickpile - "Mývatn Geothermal 19" • Pexels - "energy field grass" • skeeze - "solar panel array nuclear plant cooling towers" • Deni Williams - "Usina Hidroelétrica Itaipu Binacional / Itaipu Dam" • Deni Williams - "Usina Hidroelétrica Itaipu Binacional / Itaipu Dam" • Deni Williams - "Usina Hidroelétrica Itaipu Binacional / Itaipu Dam"

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