Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in a small village in Umtata, South Africa.
When he was 16 he was sent to the Methodist institution on Clarkebury and then to Healdtown, where he learned about the African National Congress (ANC). It was the 1st organization to be formed to free the South African blacks from colonial rule.
He went to college, where he studied law.
In the 1950s Mandela was the leader of the ANC, the political movement against apartheid, the name for segregation in South Africa.
Mandela was arrested in 1962 and was in prison for 27 years. From prison he continued to be a leader for black people and when apartheid ended in 1993, people elected Mandela as South Africa’s 1st black president.He was president from 1994 to 1999.
In 1993 Mandela received the Nobel Peace Price.
Nelson Mandela died on 5th december 2013 in his house in Johannesburg at the age of 95 years.
"Where poverty exists, there is not true freedom... The world is hungry for action, not words. I am proud to wear the symbol of this global cause to action" said Mandela.
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