The Atlantic Slave Trade
The Atlantic Slave Trade was a brutal effort to bring slaves to the Americas. They were forcibly taken from their homes in Africa to work for the Spanish in the West Indies in their silver mines and sugar plantations so that the Spanish could make profit. They were packed tightly into ships, exposed to disease and brutality, and discriminated against.
Silver mines and sugar plantations were abundant in the West Indies. There was lots of money out there to be made, but no wealthy Spanish man wanted to get his hands dirty and work for himself. It was miserable, hard labor, and there were plenty of natives lying around who could do that dirty work for them. They didn't have strong weapons and couldn't fight back. Therefore, it was a simple and easy process for them to force those natives to work.
When the Spanish first started to colonize and work their plantations in the West Indies, there were plenty of Natives who they would force to work. However, the Spanish could spread foreign disease to the Natives like wildfire. It killed many of them off quickly. Also, Their violent behaviors killed off many more. Some islands didn't even have a single native who was left to work.
The Spanish were desperate for money. They would not stop just because the natives were sick and dying and in some places they were almost removed from existence entirely. They wanted success for themselves and nothing would stop them. The persecution continued and the natives continued to suffer under the Spaniard's harsh rule.
Finally, Bartolome de las Casas, who was a Spanish priest, sent letters back to the government. These letters were a complaint and a warning. He told of the numbers of natives that were still alive on the West Indies and they were few. He also complained about the harsh rule of the Spaniards and claimed it as being a social injustice and as discrimination to all.
All these reasons led to the Atlantic Slave Trade. The Spanish were desperate for people to work, and the Africans were an easy to target to force into labor.
Slavery continued into North America, even after the United States gained their independence. The southern states continuously forced labor on their plantations, and the slave ships didn't stop coming. Slavery in America did not end with the Spaniard's silver mines and sugar plantations.
The slavery continued until the Civil War in the 1800s, which was over 300 years after the Atlantic Slave Trade began. The Union consisted of the North States and they fought for slavery to end. The Confederacy fought for the opposite and consisted of the southern states. The southern states wanted slavery to continue for their plantations to prosper and for once again, more money to be gained.
Abraham Lincoln, the US president at the time, released the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. This declared slavery illegal United States once and for all. However, after the civil war had ended, Abraham Lincoln was assasinated by John Wilkes Booth for playing such a huge part in ending the centuries long tradition of slavery in the United States.
Fast forward a hundred years, the nation was in the midst of the civil rights movement, which was a fight for rights for African Americans. Segregation still took place as an echo of slavery. It was an echo of greed that dated all the way back for four hundred years from some Spaniards who just wanted some silver. The echoes of racism are still being heard in our society today. It's been a long and painful battle for the Americas to overcome some Spaniards desperate for money.
Exploring the World For Spice
The spices were introduced to the Europeans during the Crusades. Prior to this there were no such spices that the Europeans had access to due to their location. The Europeans became obsessed with them, as they made their poor food much richer and better tasting. In that day and age it was wrong to waste food, so they would eat it no matter how awful or rotten it was. With spices, even rotting food could taste slightly better.