Ramesses the great, also known as Ramesses ii, was know and often referred to as the most powerful pharaoh of the egyptian empire. Born in 1303 BC and reigning for 66 years between 1279 BC and 1213 BC he pushed the egyptian empire to greatness, leaving his mark on history. He lead many great battles such as the battle of Kadesh and more all before his death in 1213 BC at the age of 90. He conquered many lands and lead many battles winning a number of glorious victories amongst the fewer tragic losses.
Historical content: Ramesses the Great lived in Ancient Egypt-
Rameses II and the temple of Abu Simbel
Ramesses reigned in a time where the pharaoh and those associated with the pharaoh were on the top of the social ladder whereas the servants, peasants and slaves occupied the bottom of the social hierarchy. The Pharaohs were treated as gods and ruled as great leaders.
Ancient Egypts social and economical pyramid
Much like the social pyramid the economic ladder of ancient egypt consisted of slaves at the bottom with little to no money, and the pharaohs on the top ruling the egyptian empire and its wealth. During the late years of Ramesses reign the economy suffered a strain and went into a slow decline. An soon after fell under foreign powers.
Ramesses would often accompany his father on military campaigns in libya and palestine, being exposed to militant leader ship at the young age of 14. Ancient Egyptian military was one of the greatest military forces in all history. It's ranking of leadership went: Pharaoh/King->General of military->Lieutenant commander-> Overseer of the mediterranean coast->Garrison troops overseer->troop commander->captain of troop->commander of 250 soldiers->Greatest of 50-> soldiers.
The warriors were more than often equipped with bows and arrows, and were one of the largest armys recorded. Some of the battles Ramesses the Great lead were
Rituals+beliefs: Ancient egyptian beliefs were unlike anything of our time, their wild methods of medicine and healing derived from their obsessive belief of their gods, such as the belief that their pharaohs were gods in human form, Ramesses was also believed to be a god. The belief was a complex combination of rituals and worships which were an integral part of their society. It Centred on the egyptians interactions with a multitude of deities who were believed to be present in the forces and elements of nature.
Ancient Egypts common resources consisted of decorative stone, copper and lead ores, gold and semiprecious stones. With this wide variety of resources the egyptians created vast and well known monuments we see today amongst the sculptures and architectural wonders such as the pyramids and tombs.
Background and Rise to Power: Ramesses the great was the son of Seti I and queen Tuya, he was their only child. Ramesses ii was a part of the nineteenth dynasty of the ancient egyptian empire. He had, had over 50 wives and with them given birth to over 100 children.
FAMILY TREE OF THE NINETEENTH DYNASTY
Early Life: Ramesses early life from the age of 22 he had begun leading his own military campaigns in nubia with his own sons and was soon after announced co-ruler with his father, King Seti. Together they set out doing restoration projects around Egypt. TIME LINE: 1279 BCE - 1212 BCE Reign of Ramesses II (The Great) in Egypt. 1274 BCE Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites. 1258 BCE First recorded peace treaty between Ramesses II of Egypt and Muwatalli II of the Hittites, after the battle of Kadesh. 1213 BCE Death of Ramesses.
Ramesses the great rose to power as pharaoh after his father seti i passed away.
Career: Ramesses ii had a long career as the pharaoh of egypt, and along the way he accomplished many things. suck as:
1: The battle of Kadesh: The battle of Kadesh was one of the largest chariot battles ever fought. The Battle was between the Egyptian empire under rameses ii and the hittite empire under Muwatalli ii, it took place in the city of kadesh around the Orontes river.
2:First ever peace treaty: Nobody won the battle of kadesh, it was settled over a peace treaty, the first peace treaty ever recorded. The treaty was known as the eternal treaty. It is also sometimes called the treaty of Kadesh, but even after the treaty was signed it did not bring about peace as there was still tensions between the two sides.
3:Expanded the egyptian empire and created a strong military: Ramsses II led the Egyptian army against several enemies including the Hittites, Syrians, Libyans, and Nubians. He expanded the Egyptian empire and secured its borders against attackers. Ramsses led his small force of 20,000 men against many larger armies but almost always came out on top, he has many victories under his belt.
4: the construction of Abu Simbel: Ramsses II was a great builder. He rebuilt most of the existing temples in Egypt. Abu Simbel, Ramsses had the temples of Abu Simbel built in the Nubian region of southern Egypt. At the entrance to the larger temple there are four huge statues of Ramsses sitting down. They are each about 66 feet tall.
5:Becoming pharaoh: When Ramsses was 25 years old his father died. Ramsses I was crowned the pharaoh of Egypt in 1279 BC. He was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth dynasty.
Ramesses legacy: Ramesses the great forever engraved his name on the pages in history after such a victories reign over the egyptian empire. Discoveries of so many monuments and buildings associated with his reign has made his name a familiar one in the modern world as well. He left a very unique stamp on Egypt which has grown to cover the world.
Ramesses the Great will forever be known in history as one of the most effective and victorious leaders of ancient history.
Ramesses ii and his father Seti i to this day