Jim Crow A time to leave Behind

Political

After the Civil War, laws were passed in several southern states that allowed blacks to have the same rights as white people. Soon after, there was a backlash. Whites though that their rights were being demoted. Violence flooded communities and hate filled hearts. This lead to racist groups in and out of the government.

Laws

As you may know there was segregation in every corner. Schools railroads, restaurants, and even street cars. Even the prisons were segregated. Basic every day actions were very restricted for African Americans. A black man could not be a barber for a white woman or girls. Even after your death it would continue. "The officer in charge shall not bury, or allow to be buried, any colored persons upon ground set apart or used for the burial of white persons." (Georgia) Blacks could not vote nor run for office, so they did not have much help from the government.

Literacy Tests

Literacy tests were used to keep colored people from voting. The officials that had the duty of handling the literacy tests were very biased. If a white person were to take the literacy test, the official may ask very easy questions like "name the current president of the United States," and they could pass. On the other hand, of a colored person were to take the test the official may ask difficult questions and require them to answer every single one correctly.

Economic

The Great Depression left many people without money, food, property, or homes. People who had little money had even left. Most people only had what was in their pockets. Whites and blacks alike suffered. The Great Depression lasted longer for blacks than whites. It's almost as it you can call it the 'Greater Depression.'

Social

There were many things that black people could not do that white people could. Everyday activities were very different for blacks in the past than the present. This is referred to as Jim Crow etiquette.

  • If a colored person was in a car with a white person they had to sit in the back
  • A colored person could not kiss or show any type of affection towards each other in public
  • Whites and blacks should not at together
  • A black man can not offer his hand for a hand shake
  • A colored man can not offer to light a white man's cigarette
  • White motorists had the right-of-way at all intersections.
  • Whites did not use courtesy titles to refer to blacks (Mr., Mrs, Ms., Dr., etc.)
  • Blacks were not allowed to call white people by their first names

I any of these 'rules' were violated there would be major concequences like lynching. Many communities and towns would participate in these lynchings and other forms of execution.

Citations

" Question of the Month." Jim Crow Museum: Question of the Month. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

"The Economics of the New Jim Crow." Inequality.org. N.p., 26 Sept. 2015. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

http://people.hss.caltech.edu/~kousser/dictionary%20entries/jim%20crow%20laws.pdf

YourDictionary. "Examples of Jim Crow Laws." YourDictionary. N.p., 17 Oct. 2016. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

29, 2011 Jamelle BouieTwitter July. "Violence and Economic Mobility in the Jim Crow South." The Nation. N.p., 29 June 2015. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

" What was Jim Crow." Jim Crow Museum: Origins of Jim Crow. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

" Question of the Month." Jim Crow Museum: Question of the Month. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

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