Distracted Driving: What is it? Amy Konkler

Glossary:

Awareness- The knowledge of a situation or fact

Fatalities- The occurrence of death

Hazard- A danger

Inattention- Not paying attention

Portable- Easily carried

Precaution- An action taken beforehand to avoid danger

Statistics- The act of taking and analyzing data in large quantities for the purpose of inferring proportions in a whole from those in a representative sample

How many people have suffered from an accident due to this distraction? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Distracted driving has caused many fatalities over the years now that phones have become more portable and handy. The CDC, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, explained, “In 2013, 424,000 people were injured in motor vehicle crashes involving a distracted driver, an almost 10% increase since 2011. In 2013, nearly one in five crashes (18%) in which someone was injured involved distracted driving.” (“Distracted driving must be addressed”) It is 2017 and things have only gotten worse. Since 2013, many changes have been made to handheld devices and more in car technology has been added. The Citizens Voice says, “Traffic deaths increased by 8 percent in 2015 and, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, by another 8 percent over that for the first nine months of 2016.” (The Citizens Voice)
How many of these accidents also contained bicyclists? ~~~~~~~~~ There have been thousand of accidents, just within the last year that were due to distracted driving, some of them including bicyclists. On the behalf of Steven Cooper at Cooper Law Firm made a statement, “In 2005, a total of 56 bicyclists were killed, compared to 73 in 2010. What is worse, about half of these reported deaths occurred during daylight hours, when visibility was not an issue.” (Distracted driving causes increase in accidents involving pedestrians, bicycles) Bob Mionske, a two-time U.S. Olympic racing cyclist and U.S. National Champion believes that a bicyclists should be more aware, but no matter what, no driver should be on their phone and drive. He says, “In order to minimize the risk of intersection accidents with cars, cyclists need to maximize their visibility, understand the rules of the road, learn to recognize some of the most dangerous intersection hazards, and take safety precautions when approaching and riding through an intersection.” (Bob Mionske)
Typically, is the distracted driver a male or female?~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The people of Obrella Insider conducted a study using SurveyMonkey with 175 women and 252 men, all within the age of 18-60 of Clearlink friends of employees and found, “In the case of distracted driving and our slightly higher male participant ratio, we’ve concluded that the number of men and women who engage in distracted driving patterns is pretty comparable.” (Caroline Blanzaco) Researchers from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia looked at 5470 crashes including 16-18 year olds, and they were looking particularly at inattention, interior non-driving activity, exterior factors, aggressive actions, and illegal maneuvers. They discovered, “for the boys, the most common behavior precipitating a crash was aggressive driving… The most common behavior associated with the girls’ crashes, meanwhile, was being distracted by something inside the car while driving with a boy passenger.” (Olga Khazan)
Do the teens follow in their parents’ footsteps of distracted driving?~ A research presented at the American Psychological Association’s 122nd Annual Convention stated, “Parents play a direct role in distracted teen driving, with more than half of teens talking on cellphones with their mother or father while driving.” (American Psychological Association) In a survey organized by SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions) and Liberty Mutual Insurance, they found a high percentage of teens stating their parents have made bad decisions while driving. They state, “The distracted driving behavior reported by teens mirrors the poor driving habits of their parents in nearly equal amounts. Among the more than 1,700 teens surveyed, a high percentage report making poor decisions while driving.” (“Teens Mirror Parents’ Distracted Driving Habits: Survey”)
How many adults versus teens are texting (distracted) while driving?~ A report controlled by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, showed that adult drivers are by far the inclined age group to admit to using their phone while driving. They also stated that, “According to AAA, 82 percent of adults ages 25-39 reported using their phone while driving, with 43 percent copping to using it fairly often or regularly while behind the wheel.” (“Study: Adults more likely to text, use phones while driving than teens”) According to a survey by AT&T said, “about half of all adults admit to texting while driving compared with 43% of teenagers. More than 98% of adults — almost all of them — admit they know it's wrong. Six in 10 say they weren't doing it three years ago.” (Texting in traffic: Adults worse than teens”)

Credits:

Created with images by markusspiske - "fog road highway" • PublicDomainPictures - "headlamp accident auto" • Ben_Kerckx - "accident car accident car" • Pixel-mixer - "crash test collision 60 km h" • VladArtist - "car accident broken glass splatter" • danxoneil - "Aftermath of Car Crash on Randolph at Michigan, January 21, 2015"

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