Definition: church founded by Joseph Smithin 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah
Historical Context: During the 19th century, Mormon converts tended to gather to a central geographic location.
Definition: A siege and massacre at a mission in San Antonio in 1836
Historical Context: In December 1835, during Texas’ war for independence from Mexico, a group of Texan volunteer soldiers occupied the Alamo, a former Franciscan mission located near the present-day city of San Antonio.
Definition: The possibility of future success
Historical Context: There was prospect for the slaves when Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.
Definition: a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers
Historical Context: The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
Definition: an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer
Historical Context: A trade union helps negotiate with the employer for the employees benefit
Definition: deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon
Historical Context: During the Boston Massacre, British soldiers used their rifles to strike the townspeople with the bullets.
Definition: the production of large quantities of a standardized article
Historical Context: Manufacturers sell the mass productions to wholesalers at a discounted price to wholesalers.
Definition: a free man who cultivates his own land
Historical Context: Most yeomans live on farm lands.
Definition: a tale circulated by word of mouth among the common folk
Historical Context: Sometimes the beginning of a folktale in a fragment of narrative is reeled off by a Gypsy on the spur of the moment.
Definition: lacking material body or form or substance
Historical Context: When people are stressed, they try to connect with their spiritual self.
Definition: a philosopher who subscribes to nativism
Historical Context: Nativist belief that they are the true "native" Americans.
Definition: movement of persons into a place
Historical Context: Immigration allowed the pilgrims to move from Great Britain to North America.
Definition: the social class between the lower and upper classes
Historical Context: The middle class are not poor, but don't live very lavish lives.
Definition: a run-down apartment house barely meeting minimal standards
Historical Context: Most tenements are in lower class urban areas.
Definition: a policy of imperialism rationalized as inevitable
Historical Context: In the 19th century, manifest destiny was a widely held belief in the United States that its settlers were destined to expand across North America.
Definition: payment by one nation for protection by another
Historical Context: Some countries use tributes as a sense of appreciation, or sometimes when somebody is a traitor
Definition: a government order imposing a trade barrier
Historical Context: The United States has an embargo on Cuba.
Definition: secretly importing prohibited goods or goods on which duty is due
Historical Context: Smuggling sharp objects the airplane is illegal.
Definition: a war measure isolating an area of importance to the enemy
Historical Context: In ancient times they made their blockades with tiny passages so they could attack the enemy one by one.
Definition: an advocate of an aggressive policy on foreign relation
Historical Context: Most countries have war hawks in order to determine whether it is worth it to go into war.
Definition: an organized group of people undertaking a journey
Historical Context: One of the most famous expeditions in U.S. history is by Lewis and Clark.
Definition: the watershed of a continent
Historical Context: The Continental Divide of the Americas is the principal, and largely mountainous, hydrological divide of the Americas.
Definition: withdraw from an organization or polity
Historical Context: People secede from schools if the school does not meet their standards.