Peloponnisian War created by: Tahaa Shafi

Background

  • Historic war between Athens and Sparta
  • Lasted about 27 years
  • Periods of truce and stalemates during this time
  • Athens was the superior state: large wealth and powerful navy
  • Sparta was close second to Athens and "challenged" Athens
  • Outcome was eventual downfall of Greece

In the Beginning

  • 431 BC: Sparta and allies attack Athens
  • Plague kills 25% of population - Pericles (leader) among them
  • Kept out by city walls, but devastated country side
  • Athens greatly weakened by attack
  • Sparta army could not withstand Athens, Athens navy could not attack Sparta (interior state)
  • 421 BCE: Stalemate - peace treaty signed

Athens Strikes

  • 413 BC: Athens assists ally to destroy Syracuse, which was ally of Sparta
  • Sicilian Civil War
  • 50,000 men and 200 ships lost by Athens
  • Some allies side with Sparta
  • Sparta strikes deal with Persians who supply them naval fleet

Sparta Strikes

  • 407 BC: Sparta has new naval fleet with support from its allies
  • Challenges Athenian invincibility with its Navy
  • 404 BC: Sparta enters Athens, destroys defensive wall and defeats Athens
  • War is over
  • Thirty Tyrants: Commissioned by Sparta to govern defeated city
  • 401 BC: Spartan king Pausanias restores democracy

The Outcome

  • Neither side fully recovered from disasters of the wars
  • Crippled interstate relations in Greece, and intrastate relations among city-states
  • Testament to power of Democracy at the time
  • Left Greece in ruins
  • Opened many challenges for Sparta and Athens among themselves and among other countries

What Happens Next

  • 359 BC: Philip II of Macedon takes control
  • Macedonia originally primitive society from North
  • Philip II learns new military tactics and waged war against Greece
  • 338 BC: Macedonia defeats Greece

The Tragedy of Greece

  • Stems from how Greece was structured/divided
  • Organization of city-states ultimately leads to eventual downfall
  • Each had its own strengths/weaknesses
  • Collectively would have power to withstand other nations
  • Constant fighting and civil war weakened each city-state
  • Not having unified empire destroyed what could have been very powerful nation
  • Comparable to downfall of Mesopotamia

Classical Greece and its Impact

  • Beauty of Greece was its culture and the profound way of life that was lived
  • City-states now too weak to be a threat to other nations
  • Set example for other countries on what not to do and how not to structure a country
  • A few individuals used this time period to reflect on deep values of life and human beings

The Plus: Post-Peloponnesian Wars

  • No more "bullying" from Athens and Sparta
  • Cultural awareness via art, poetry and tragedy emerges
  • Intellects make more of s presence by pondering and writing about histories of Athens and Sparta
  • Herodotus & Thucydides: Utilized firsthand accounts and factual information to present logical & critical ideas
  • Presented the whys and hows behind everything that happened: internally (within the city-states) and externally (between city-states)
  • Paves path for new scientific and systematic ways of thought for future generations

Sources

  • The¬†Cultures of the West: Volume One: To 1750: A History, Backman, Chapter 5
  • Peloponnisian War¬†Lecture, Todd Zimmerman

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.