How did Hitler become Chancellor
In the election of late 1932 the Nazis won 37% of the vote, and became the largest single party in the Reichstag. Hitler demanded the right to become Chancellor, but President Hindenburg appointed Franz von Papen instead. Hindenburg appointed von Schleicher in December, however he realised he needed Hitler's support to be popular with the Reichstag. Hindenburg refused so Von Schleicher resigns.
On the 30th January 1933 Hitler was made chancellor. Hindenburg and Von Papen, who became vice chancellor, believed they could control him as a puppet, and that he would make the government more popular.
How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933-1934
Hitler faced three main problems in 1933:
- Rival parties. The KPD (communist party) was the second biggest party and still had the support of many workers
- The SA had swollen to 2 million men by 1934 and Rohm wanted to turn the SA into the official German Army. Hitler needed to satisfy higher rankings and Rohm's propensity to violence made Hitler appear less trustworthy.
- Hindenburg was very suspicious of Hitler. Also he had support of the army and could overthrow him.