Spatial Exclusion and Exurbanisation Janice lai

Spatial Exclusion


It refers to the defense of luxury lifestyles which have resulted in restrictions in spatial access and the freedom of movement of other urban dwellers. It is manifest in ‘high security suburbs’, ‘walled estates’ and security conscious retail-business complexes.

Where in Sydney?

The division between the rich and poor is not as great as that found in the US

The emergence of the exclusive lifestyle estate as the principal form of ‘greenfield’ residential development

Some master planned estate actively practise exclusion to gain market advantage

Promise safety and isolation from perceived cultural and socioeconomic difference

The social diversions are often more stark; the number of Australians now living in gated communities is thought to be around 100 000

Small case study (Sydney)

This premises are located in South western Sydney within the Campbelltown Local Government Area

Macquarie Links Estate is surrounded by the suburbs of Ingleburn, Glenfield and Macquarie Fields

The estate can fit around 900 residents who live in approximately 300 households

The estate is gated with a 24-hour security camera and it is also on community title (division of land into two lots and an area)



A process whereby people, usually affluent, move from the city to rural areas but continue to maintain an urban way of life either through long distance commuting or technology.


The peri metropolitan region around sydney, within which exurbia is located, is defined as the region bounded by the furthest extent of commuting to metropolitan jobs. Closer to the outer suburban edge are exurban areas, such as Dural, Galston and Kenthurst. Further out are Windsor and Richmond to the north-west and Picton and Camden to the south-west. Even further out lie the Bowral-Mittagong region to the south-west, the Lithgow district to the west; and gosford-Wyong to the north.

Small Case study:

M5 and beyond: in search of a lifestyle

The southern highlands is noted for its lush, rolling fields and quaint villages famous for cool-climate gardens. Over the last decade there has been a marked increase in the number of sydneysiders moving there to lead a semi-rural lifestyle. The region is a 90 minute drive away from Sydney’s CBD via the M5 motorway. Some residents commute, while other stay in the city for a few nights a week and spend the rest of their time in the highlands. Others just visit for the weekend. Technology allows an increasing number of people to work from home, at least for part of the week.

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