Boom to Bust By: Mickayla Pang-Khloeum

Life at home in the 1920s

At home, with new innovations and less work, people spent their free time socializing and entertaining themselves with activities.

Living in Hoovervilles

Families lived in crowded, filthy towns called Hoovervilles and could not afford food or a proper place to live.

Segregated Neighborhoods

African Americans lived together in tight, segregated neighborhoods.

Riding The Rails

Dust storms and foreclosures caused farmers to pack their bags and ride the rails to find a better life.

The home life for many urban people in the 1920s was stress free. Many people had a lot of free time, and did not have to worry, while African Americans were cramped in all black communities, which only helped them a little. Rural life, on the other hand, continued in debt. Life changed during the 1930s for middle and working classes as they had little money. Families learned to adjust and “make do” with what they had. Some had very little, lived in crowded Hoovervilles, and ate in soup kitchens. The wealthy, however continued with their lives. Blacks, on the other hand, were packed in their already crowded neighborhoods as poor southern migrants flowed in seeking jobs. In rural areas, migrants set up camps outside farms searching for work, and other farmers were forced to move, due to foreclosures. They packed their bags and rode the rails to a new life.

Entertainment in the 1920s

People used their free time in the 1920s to entertain themselves by going to the movies.

Fun in the 20s

People enjoyed themselves during the 1920s by going to sports games.

African American's Jazz

African Americans enjoyed themselves with their music of jazz.

Entertainment in the 1930s

With not much money to spare during the Great Depression, families huddled around radios in their homes to listen together and entertain themselves.

Many people in the 1920s had a lot of leisure time due to modern conveniences that helped them do work. In their free time, they watched movies, went to sports games, and enjoyed music, like African Americans did with jazz. Prohibition also led people to go out to speakeasies. People in rural areas did not believe in urban ways of fun, though. In the 1930s, people used activities like movies and radios to escape reality and despair.

Consumerism Advertisements

The economy in the 1920s boomed with people investing in stock markets left and right.

Foreclosed Farms

Due to the surpluses and failing demands, farmers went into debt and were forced into foreclosure.

Americans During The Great Depression

People did poorly in the 1930s and were desperate for a job and money.

African American Families

African Americans did the worst since they were the first fired and last hired. It was hard for them to find any job.

The 1920s was booming with consumerism and stock market investments. African Americans did well as they got involved in the visual arts. However, in rural areas, the farming industry struggled. Farmers overproduced crops for the war, which after it ended, left them with surpluses. In the 1930s, not only did farms struggle, but America all together did. People went into debt and stock prices dropped. This all lead to the Stock Market Crash of 1929. Many became unemployed as businesses shut down and people then blamed President Herbert Hoover for the lack of action for the country. Blacks also struggled as segregation became stronger, and they were denied jobs and food. Farmers struggled even more as droughts arose, which caused dust bowls to wipe out homes. The economy did get better, though, as Franklin Roosevelt was elected into office, but it did not fully end until the outbreak of World War II.

Bonus Army

In the 1930s, a bonus army marched in to seek early payment of what they were promised.

Hoover Fails

President Herbert Hoover was to blame for the depression according to Americans, so crowded rundown towns were called Hoovervilles, as he did little to help the economy.

Relief, Recovery, and Reform Programs

The government created programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) to better the lives of Americans.

Surpluses Vanish

The government passed acts to get rid of farmer's surpluses, and paid farmers for not planting crops.

A New Black Cabinet

Franklin Roosevelt allowed a black cabinet, which gave African Americans more political opportunities.

Before the 1930s, the three previous presidents lived in the Republican Party. They all believed in Laissez- Faire policy. But, as the Depression came, many believed it was the government’s fault about not taking action, since Hoover believed in a “trickle down method,” and his efforts did not help either. In 1932, World War I veterans, or the bonus army, marched into the United States seeking early payment. Hoover tried to end it by burning where they lived, making his name synonymous in failure. So, when a new president was elected, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the Democratic Party, won in a landslide. He made new deals and added a black cabinet, and took action for farmers and people that benefited not only Americans in urban areas, but in rural areas, as well as African Americans.

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