Stem Cells? By BrYce Schust and Jonah wasden

To first realize how Stem Cells are used you have to see what Atem Cells go into which treatment.

Treatments such as Somatic Stem Cells are used in Bone Marrow Transplants to Cure Leukemia

In a bone marrow transplant, the patient's bone marrow stem cells are replaced with those from a healthy, matching donor. If the transplant is successful, the stem cells will migrate into the patient's bone marrow and begin producing new, healthy leukocytes to replace the abnormal cells.

Another Use Of Stem Cell Research Is For Cell and Tissue Regeneration

Today, donated organs and tissues are often used to replace ailing or destroyed tissue, but the need for transplantable tissues and organs far outweighs the available supply. Stem cells, directed to differentiate into specific cell types, offer the possibility of a renewable source of replacement cells and tissues to treat diseases including macular degeneration, spinal cord injury, stroke, burns, heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis

Recently Found, The Stem Cells Can Also Be Used To Test Drugs

Human stem cells are also being used to test new drugs. The availability of pluripotent stem cells would allow drug testing on a wider range of cell types. However, to screen drugs effectively, the conditions must be identical when comparing different drugs. Therefore, scientists must be able to precisely control the differentiation of stem cells into the specific cell type on which drug should be tested.

Finally There Are Many Different Types Of Stem Cells

Embryonic stem cells, Tissue-specific stem cells, Induced pluripotent stem cells, and Mesenchymal stem cells are all just the small amount of Stem Cells that we have today. The main reason we have so many is because they differentiate creating another different Stem Cell Specialized in something new.

Embryonic stem cells

An Embryonic stem cell is the main Stem Cell that are pluripotent, meaning they can give rise to every cell type in the fully formed body, but not the placenta and umbilical cord. These cells are incredibly valuable because they provide a renewable resource for studying normal development and disease, and for testing drugs and other therapies

The End

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