The Holocaust “If we bear all this suffering and if there are still Jews left, when it is over, then Jews, instead of being doomed, will be held up as an example.” -Anne Frank

Adolf Hitler, Leader of the Nazis, from 1934 to 1945

"Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live."- Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler initiated World War II and oversaw fascist policies that resulted in millions of deaths of Jews. Adolf Hitler rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party. Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as a dictator for the bulk of his time in power.

Important Figures of the Holocaust

Irena Sendler was a Polish social worker who, during World War II, helped to rescue 2,500 Jewish children from the Warsaw Ghetto, and placed them in convents or with non-Jewish families.

The Nazis

Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, or Nazi Party, grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany through fascist means from 1933 to 1945.

Concentration Camps

The first concentration camps in Germany were established soon after Hitler's appointment as chancellor in January 1933. A concentration camp is place where large numbers of people, especially political prisoners and Jews or members of persecuted minorities, are imprisoned in a small area with impure facilities, sometimes to provide forced labor or to await mass execution.

Benito Mussolini, 1883- 1945

"The keystone of the Fascist doctrine is its conception of the State, of its essence, its functions, and its aims. For Fascism the State is absolute, individuals and groups relative." - Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini created the Fascist Party in Italy in 1919, eventually making himself dictator prior to World War II. He was killed in 1945. Mussolini organized a para-military unit known as the "Black Shirts," who terrorized political opponents and helped increase Fascist influence.

Joseph Stalin 1878-1953

Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union. Stalin arose to power as General Secretary of the Communist Party. He forced rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agricultural land, resulting in millions dying from famine while others were sent to camps. Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler. When Hitler broke the pact, his Red Army helped defeat Nazi Germany during WWII.

Anne Frank, 1929-1945

Anne Frank was a teen writer who went into hiding during the Holocaust, journaling her experiences in the renowned work "The Diary of Anne Frank". She was 15 when the family was found and sent to the camps, where she died.

Created by: Sofia G. and Katarina S.

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