A Numbers Breakdown:
- Wings flap 80 times per second.
- They can reach speeds of 45 mph in dives.
- They have incredible maneuverability: they can hover, fly up, down, right, left, backwards, and forwards. They can do this by strong wing muscles that can do both up and down movements. They move their wings in a figure 8 motion.
- They also have amazing stamina: migratory hummingbirds can fly up to 20 straight hours across the Gulf of Mexico.
- Some weigh less than an ounce. The smallest, the Bee Hummingbird, is only 1.95 grams.
- A ruby-throated hummingbirds has a resting heart beat of 225 times a minute and more than 1,200 times per minute when flying.
- To conserve energy, a hummingbird’s body temperature drops from 105 degrees Fahrenheit (40.5 degrees Celsius) to as low as 65 degrees F (18 degrees C) at night. This state is called "stupor" and if it was extended, it would be called "hibernation."
- 328 species in North and South America.
Hummingbirds feed at anywhere from 1,000 to 3,000 flowers per day. They mostly go to trumpet-shaped flowers because of their beak shape. Additionally, they are attracted to flowers that are the color red (this is why hummingbird feeders are red). When they feed at flowers, they are drinking nectar, a sweet substance produced by the flower. They are also pollinators: when they drink nectar at one flower, pollen from that flower sticks on their beak. Then when they go to the next flower, some of the pollen falls off their beak. The hummingbird's other food source is insects.