Can I speak Freedom of speech in Afghanistan

What is actually Freedom of Speech ?

Freedom of speech is one of many of the human rights. This right is about the freedom of speaking, share own thoughts and opinions without governmental, violence interferences.

Afghanistan is a country in South Asia and the religion is Islam. In that period Taliban badly influenced the freedom of speech!

Taliban is an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.

Freedom of Speech is violated everywhere, but in different ways. For example at Paris on 7 January 2015 at about 11:30, some Terrorist from Afghanistan attacked the Charlie Hebdo journal because they posted a joke about their religion. This is how people can t tolerate freedom of speech.

Afghanistan has now 200 print media, 44 television stations, 141 radio stations and at least eight news agencies.

This was not like this all the time. Before the Taliban limited a lot of things.

  • In fact in the past decade there was a big growth of violence against news organizations and journalists.
  • Unions and organizations that support open media have recorded hundreds of cases of such violence between 2001 and 2011.
  • During the Taliban government (1996-2001), there was only one radio station called Voice of Sharia ( used to broadcast religious programs, Jihadi speeches and official propaganda)

Taliban consider journalists enemy and often label them as Western spies

Taliban considered journalist enemy because they spread-ed information through journals. This was made the Taliban weaker because their power was based on the ignorance of the people.

  • Afghanistan’s media has grown rapidly since the fall of the Taliban regime thanks to the US-led coalition forces in 2001.
  • The end of government provided Afghans the opportunity to practice their freedom of speech by creating a lot of media outlets with strong financial and moral support from international community.
  • Thanks to the NATO gearing up for an early exit in 2013, international funds will decrease and as a result it seems Afghan media outlets will face extreme financial constraint.
Let s see this from the eyes of someone who experience it!
Nazary Salim

I had the chance to chat with Nazary Salim, he was a leader of a women school and he had been captured from the Talibans..

Women and men had different limitations

Women could not:
  • go to Shcool
  • gu to any Ceremony
  • walk in Public area
  • do Shopping
  • watch Tv
  • wear White shoes (Taliban flag)

Men could not:
  • Study science
  • watch Tv
  • go to a Movie (cinema)
  • Be in the same place as women ( men could not be distracted because they had to serve in the army)

He didn't like the Taliban government because they were to extreme on the way of thinking and that was not correct for the society. This was Totally wrong!

90% of the people were against these rules but they couldn't do anything because the Taliban were armed.

In the North Afghanisan, people were more educated so they elected a commander to fight against the Talibans. They also made a secured place where women could have an education.

If you are caught spreading news you could
  • Go to jail (15-20 days)
  • Be hang
  • Regime (3-4 days)

Nazary Salim participated on a movement called AYA that stands for Afghan Youth Association. He spreaded more information to ordinary people that didn't had the opportunity to get information.

When the Taliban were gone..

They all shaved beards because it was a symbol of the religion. They all went to the cinema and had fun with women and men all together. They finally got internet and a cellphones. Maybe other Afghan that were not controlled by the Taliban may had been shocked, because the beard was a symbol of Islam. Nowadays we call Islam people that make attacks, but we have to understand that no every Islam is like this. We can t just call them all the same this influence also the freedom of speech. Nowadays the freedom of speech in Afghanistan is not totally free. There still many things people can t do, for example journalist still can t plush journals. My NGO want to build a protected area where all this journalist could write and publish their article. I ll also build a protected area where women can learn and watch TV. I ll do all the possible to help these people to reach their freedom of speech.

When I asked this last question i could see in his eyes the happiness he felt that day. He was smiling and excited to tell me how that day was important for him. This was a big change!!

Dictionary

Taliban is an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.

Afhanistan is the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

Jihadid is s an Islamic term referring to the religious duty of Muslims to maintain and spread the religion.

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is a military alliance of European and North American democracies founded after World War II to strengthen international ties between member states.

Limitation is a limiting rule or circumstance; a restriction.

Taliban flag during the Afghan Civil Warwas plain white . When it took over Kabul in 1996, and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, the white flag became the national flag of the country.

Symbol is a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.

Credits:

Created with images by Damian Gadal - "Tell your story" • O.Ortelpa - "#jesuischarlie" • ArmyAmber - "afghanistan girl burqa" • Tama66 - "lost places window grid"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.