Muhammad Ali By Luke McGurr

Draft Lottery- a random pick by birthday by the government to join the military

Boxing- the sport or practice of fighting with fists

Vietnam War- a conflict starting in 1954 ending in 1975 between South Vietnam(U.S., South Korea, Australia, the Philippines, Thailand and New Zealand soon joined) and the Vietcong and North Vietnam

Military- the military establishment of a nation; the armed forces

Respiratory- pertaining to or serving for respiration

Nation of Islam- an organization composed chiefly of African Americans, advocating the teaching of Islam and originally favoring the separation of black and white racial groups is the U.S.

Muhammad Ali was born in Louisville, Kentucky on January 17, 1942

Ali died in Phoenix, Arizona on June 3, 2016 from a respiratory issue

Ali had 4 wives and 9 children. His parents were Cassius Marcellus Clay and Odessa Grady Clay

Ali went to Central High School and his boxing coaches were Joe Martin and Fred Stoner

During Ali’s life before taking a stand he was a 3 time heavyweight champion

Other interesting facts about Ali are that he changed his name, and he had connections with the Nation of Islam.

What was the issue? The issue that Muhammad Ali was standing up against was the draft lottery. The draft lottery is when the government makes someone join the military. They pick who joins by their birthday.

Why was it an issue? What was the mindset of that time? The draft lottery was an issue because it was picking random people to fight in the Vietnam War. The people they picked were just normal people living their lives. The mindset of the time is against the draft.

What group of people would benefit from taking the stand? Normal civilians would benefit from Ali taking the stand because they wouldn't have to go to the war. Nobody would want to go to war and take the chance of being kill. Also you wouldn't want to kill anyone either.

What group of people would not benefit from from taking the stand? The government would not benefit from Ali taking the stand because it would influence others to refuse the government's orders. Also the people already in the military wouldn't benefit because they have few people to cover their backs. Plus the U.S. would have a weak army

1957

He joined the Nation of Islam

Ali joined the Nation of Islam and became a Black Muslim

1960

He won his last amateur championship

Ali won his last amateur championship with a gold medal at the Olympic Games in Rome. After that he was a professional

1964

He won his first heavyweight championship

Muhammad fought Charles “Sonny” Liston for his first professional heavyweight championship

Risk #1: He could lose his ability to box

Why was this risk worth it to the person? This risk was worth it to Ali because if he did go to war he would have lost it for sure

Risk #2: He could lose his champion status

Why was this risk worth it to the person? This risk was worth it to Ali because if he did go to war he would have lost it for sure

Consequence #1: The first consequence was negative. Ali lost his ability to box for four years.

Why was this stand worth it to this person? This consequence was worth it to Ali because it backed up the stand that he was taking.

Did the stand inspire others to act similarly or differently? How? Ali’s stand inspired people to protest the vietnam war and the draft.

Consequence #2: The second consequence is positive. Ali regained his ability to box.

Why was this consequence worth it to this person? This consequence was worth it to Ali because it showed people he was just as good as boxer as he was before.

Did the stand inspire others to act similarly or differently? How? Ali’s stand did inspire others to deny the draft lottery.

Media type(s) used by your person/group to promote their cause:

Title: ABC-TV Howard Cosell interview

Date: 2010

Title: Television David Frost interview

Date: Sept. 16, 1974

Title: New York Times

Date: June 20, 1947

What did the media do in reaction to the stand? How was the stand covered in the media? The media was against the stand that Ali was taking. They think that he committed a crime and that he should be arrested. Even Jackie Robinson didn't approve.

How did the media influence the public to feel/think/react? Was the media coverage fair? Did the media criticize or cheer the person/group/stand? The media influenced the public to be against Ali's stand. The media wasn't very fair because either he went to jail or take the chance of being killed. The media criticized and didn't agree with Ali's stand, they thought that he should have went to fight in the military.

Quote said by your person: “I strongly object to the fact that so many newspapers have given the American public and the world the impression that I have only two alternatives in taking this stand: either I go to jail or go to fight in the Army. There is another alternative and that alternative is justice.“

Date: April 28, 1967

Source: Statement

Explain what this quote means. Explain how the quote connects to your person/group and stand. Ali is saying that he didn't have to pick between the Army or jail, but justice. By justice he means that he could say no to the draft lottery and still not go to jail.

Quote said about your person/group or stand: “If people from outer space came to earth and we had to give them one representative of our species to show them our physical prowess, our spirituality, our dependency, our warmth, our kindness, our humor, and most of all our capacity to love-it would be Ali.”

Said by: Dick Gregory

Date: ?

Source: ?

Explain what this quote means. Explain how the quote connects to your person/group and stand. Why should anybody care what this person said about your person/group or stand? This quote shows how good a person Ali is. It shows how even he wasn't allowed to box but he was still a good person. People should care about this quote because Ali didn't get angry or mad when he wasn't able to box. He just did what he was told to do.

After researching this topic was the stand valid? How? Ali's stand was worthwhile because there is no more draft. Another thing is that he had a purpose and was determined. Nobody could change his view on the stand. Also he got people to protest and march.

What is the person’s legacy? His legacy is that he stopped the draft lottery. He also had the legacy of his boxing career. He was one of the best boxers.

Did the person/stand inspire other movements? How? I don't think his stand inspire other movements. I think this because the draft lottery came to an end while he was still alive. Plus, his stand happened recently so their wasn't much time for another stand.

Connor, Kimberly Rae. "Muhammad Ali." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy, ABC-CLIO, 2017, religion.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/1548252. Accessed 5 Apr. 2017.

Austin, Brad, and William L. Glankler. “Ali, Muhammad.” Encyclopedia of American History, Vol. 9, Revised Edition, Facts On File, 2009. American History, online.infobase.com/HRC/Search/Details/202620?q=Muhammad Ali OR Cassius M Clay OR Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr OR Cassius X. Accessed May 2017.

Hirsley, Michael. "Ali, Muhammad." World Book Student. World Book, 2017. Web. 5 Apr. 2017.

Ali, Muhammad. Films Media Group, 2017, learn360.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=17741&textID=EBR0355000. Accessed 5 Apr. 2017.

Brown, William. “Ali, Muhammad.” Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History, Facts On File, 2010. American History, online.infobase.com/HRC/Search/Details/202584?q=Muhammad Ali OR Cassius M Clay OR Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr OR Cassius X. Accessed May 2017.

Kranz, Rachel C. “Ali, Muhammad.” The Biographical Dictionary of African Americans, Facts On File, 1998. American History, online.infobase.com/HRC/Search/Details/162382?q=Muhammad Ali OR Cassius M Clay OR Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr OR Cassius X. Accessed May 2017.

Buckley Jr., James “Who was Muhammad Ali?” 2014

Dallam, Marie W. “Clay, a/k/a Ali v. United States.” Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History, Facts On File, 2010. American History, online.infobase.com/HRC/Search/Details/200136?q=Muhammad Ali OR Cassius M Clay OR Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr OR Cassius X. Accessed May 2017.

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