The History of black deaf education

The first school for deaf children who were black was formed after the civil war in 1869; called the North Carolina School for the Negro Deaf and Blind .

The North Carolina School for the Negro Deaf and Blind (Museum of Disability History,1869)

After the Civil War ended, many records of black pupils were destroyed and all of their schools were closed.

Americans in the South after the Civil War crowded into one-room schools opened by the U. S. Freedmen's Bureau and northern-based aid societies

In the Early 1950's ,segregated schools emphasized vocational training programs according to grade, age, gender, and mental ability. Students were required to take certain exams to pass and were given apprenticeships for a year.

After the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education ruling, The West Virginia School for the Deaf and a few others were the first to open to African American students. Most schools took longer to integrate (as late as 1963).

Many children lost their cultural identities.

Two infamous black deaf students who attended integrated Deaf Schools in America were:

Albert Couthen: Attended the integrated American School for the Deaf , Ct.

Albert Couthen

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Carolyn McCaskill- Emerson : First black women to be integrated into The Alabama School for the Deaf in 1968. Went on to attend

Carolyn McCaskill

Today more and more schools are arising for deaf students around the nation. Many are not considered "institutions" anymore but are rather similar to boarding schools.With increased awareness, in today's school settings, multicultural education is practiced and accepted.

Credits: The Hidden Treasures of Black ASL The Deaf Community in America

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