Achievement is a snapshot of where students are academically, but the data needs to be explored in depth to get the details and patterns that make it useful. While the overall SPP provides an initial number and the calculations that make up the SPP show a breakdown by subject level, what the public sees is not enough information to understand what is happening or get to why it might be happening.
One of the tools provided free by PDE is e-metric. With access to this site you can generate reports for PASA, PSSA, Keystones. Reports can focus on performance level, performance on assessment anchors, disaggregated by subgroup, individualized, and shown as a graph.
Measures of growth are the other main component of the SPP and in Pennsylvania growth is determined by PVAAS. PVAAS is also reported publicly, but what is shown does not have enough detail to be truly helpful. Within PVAAS there are several reports that can be accessed. Three main reports are:
1. Value Added Reports - analyze available data from previous years to evaluate how much students have grown in a school year.
2. Diagnostic Reports -show academic growth disaggregated by students’ with varying achievement
3. Projection Reports - provide educators with information regarding the possible future academic achievement of an individual student on a future assessment. Projections are possible to future PSSAs/Keystones as well as AP, SAT, PSAT, and ACT.