Guide to Surviving the Trenches of World War 1 By: parker livering

German Soldiers Battle of Marne WWI by German Army is licensed under Public Domain.

Entrenching Shovel

Spades by Andshel is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International.

You need to have a entrenching shovel while stationed in the trenches. You can use your entrenching shovel to dig your trench deeper and clear it of snow. If you clear your trenches of snow and water it can decrease your chances of getting trench foot. Entrenching tools can also be used as a bat-like weapon for defending yourself(Mousa, Aseel).

Trench Club

Crudely shaped trench club from World War One by York Museums Trust is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International.

A trench club is needed in the trenches because there can be raids on trenches at night. Trench clubs are for the close quarters fighting in the trenches and can be be made by soldiers between actions or can be supplied by the army. Most clubs are fashioned with metal heads and spikes to make them even more deadly and to increase the chance of surviving a trench raid(Hancock, Judith).

Gas Mask

US WWI Gas mask with bag by Historicair is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported.

A Gas Mask is an absolute necessity because there will be a large use of poison gas. This gas is deadly if breathed in without a filter to take the chemicals out. A gas mask will filter these chemicals and allow you to survive the gas attack("Gas Masks").

Periscope

Trench Periscope by Steven Whalley is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

If you don't want to risk the chance of getting shot right after you go to charge out of a trench, you may want to get a periscope. You can use a periscope to look out of the trenches to make sure you're not being watched, without even putting your head out of the trench. This can save both you and the people around you if you are able to tell them that it is not safe to exit the trench("Periscope").

Metal Helmet

Collection de casques Adrian TC 2010 by Monfort1 is licensed under Public Domain.

You will need a metal helmet to protect your head from shrapnel and fragments of artillery. Without a helmet your head will be especially vulnerable to these small, deadly fragments which can cause death. By wearing a helmet you can improve your chances in surviving an artillery strike and maybe even survive the war(Watanabe, Nathan).

Works Cited

"Gas Masks in World War One." The History Learning Site, 2016,www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-one/the-western-front-in-world-war-one/gas-masks-in-world-war-one/. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Hancock, Judith. "WW1 Trench Weapons: The Club and the Knife." Owlcation,HubPages, 13 June 2016, owlcation.com/humanities/WW1-Trench-Weapons-The-Trench-Club-and-Trench-Knife. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Mousa, Aseel. "Shovel." World War 1 - Class 3a, 24 Oct. 2012, sites.google.com/site/worldwar1class3a/weapons-of-world-war-1/gear/shovel. Accessed 27 Mar.2017.

"Periscope." BBC, 2014, www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/Uq3v3JxwRQG8Pb3RlBtAqA. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Watanabe, Nathan. "Steel Helmet." Edited by Ute Daniel et al. 1914 1918 Online:International Encyclopedia of the First World War, 1 Apr. 2016,encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/steel_helmet. Accessed 27 Mar.2017.

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