Africa:Past and Present By:Cole,CHARLES,RJ https://sites.stedwards.edu/pangaea/files/2014/04/africa-snon0m.png

Land Use

Subsistence Farming - since they are only producing enough for their own use, they don't sell enough to make any income off of it. Subsistence farming is for your family’s personal use, Commercial farming is large-scale farming for profit. The problem they have with this is they do not make money off of their farming. They do when they do Subsistance Farming. http://www.wri.org/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/african_farmer_3.jpg?itok=su7OTf05

Natural REsources

The two precious or valuable resources that are found in Africa are Gold and Diamonds. One-half of the world's gold is found in Africa. Tin, Tungsten, and Tantalum are the three “T’s” that the Dem. Rep. of Congo have. These products are used to make cell phones and digital devices that we have today. http://www.milwaukee-jewelry.com/Content/files/gold-bars.jpg

Democratic Republic of Congo

Unequal wealth is where some countries have more currency than others. This leads to war because the poor want more. The rebel groups bribe the government to stay out of their buissness. Unequal population distribution can be bad because it causes many people to not have food, shelter, or basic necessities needed to survive. There are many wars over access to the recourses in Africa. Corrupt government leaders take bribes to let others have access to resources. Armed Rebel groups control the mines, they force people to mine precious minerals. They sell and smuggle the minerals themselves to make money, also buy more weapons. http://www.islamicinvitationturkey.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/nushi20130304214145683.jpg

GDP Per CApita

Mauritius and there money amount is $12,800, Botswana and there money amount is $9,200, South Africa and there money amount is $11,100, Seychelles and there money amount is $7,800, Namibia and there money amount is $7,300. 16 nations have a GDP Per Capita below $1,000. They have more natural resources than other countries do. They trade more than other countries do. http://www.geocurrents.info/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Africa-Per-Capita-GDP-map-768x694.png

Life Expectancy

28/31 of the lowest life Expectancy are from the Sub-Saharan Africa. The reason for this is because of HIV/AIDS. http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/1810000/images/_1814609_aids_in_africa2_300gra.gif

Powerful Trading Empires

The names of the the three kingdoms are Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. They existed between 800 CE and 1600 CE. They traded on the Trans- Saharan trade network. West Africans trade gold to the North Africans for salt. Slaves were also traded on the network. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-LfbMsUCHhQU/U9GcqDBYFSI/AAAAAAAACKU/sUonkE3miD4/s1600/Three+Kingdom+Map+western+sudan+mali+songhai+ghana+timbuktu.jpg

Slaves on the Trans-Saharan Network

Muslims could not be enslaved under the Islamic law. They used the the slaves in the military.Slaves could own there own property and slaves. They could be general in the military, and it was easier to earn there own freedom. https://ballandalus.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/arabslavers.jpg

King Mansa Musa and Timbuktu

King Mansa Musa was a Muslim and he went to Hajj:600,000 people and 80 camels carrying 300 lbs. of gold each.He brought back Muslim scholars and architects build cities, mosques, and scholars in Timbuktu.Timbuktu- religion, mathematics, music, law and literature were studied there. http://atlantablackstar.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Mansa-Musa.jpg

Ibn Battuta: Explorer

He was 21 years old when he began his travels.The city and country he set out from is Tangier, Morocco.He traveled 75,000 miles. The city he ended his journey in is Fez, Morocco. He wrote about his travels in what became the first travel book called “The Rihla”. He died at the age of 64. http://img.timeinc.net/time/2011/graphics/journey/p/big.jpg

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