What is Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed mostly in children , and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin. The body breaks down the sugars and starches you eat into a simple sugar called glucose, which it uses for energy. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to get glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. With the help of insulin and a good diet even young children can learn to manage their condition and live healthy lives
Nutrition is one of the most important things about diabetes. Understanding how different foods affect your blood glucose and learning to develop meal plans will be part of your daily routine. It is important to eat frequent small meals throughout the day. Vegetables should be the main part of all meals. It is best to reduce the serving size of meals and snacks so you won't weight gain. Small servings of fiber carbs should be included at each meal. Substitute dairy products with low-fat or nonfat dairy products. Choose protein options. Some natural sources of protein are chicken or turkey, fish, and nuts. Avoid sweets, candies and soda as much as you can. Limit the intake of sodium in your foods and avoid high-salt foods. The limit for total Carbohydrate consumption is 45-60 grams. The daily ratio of Carbs, Fats, and Proteins is 55:20:25.
Blood sugar monitoring
A person whose Type 1 diabetes is in stable control should monitor blood sugar four times a day .People who have Type 1 diabetes, you need an increase in your insulin doses. An insulin pump is programmed to deliver insulin. What you eat makes a difference, too. Before-meal normal sugars are 70–99 mg/dl. After a meal blood glucose reading taken two hours after you start to eat should be about 30 -180 mg/dl higher than before you eat. For example if your blood glucose reading was 111 mg/dl before eating two cups of pasta and 322 mg/dl two hours later, you’ve learned that two cups of pasta is too much for you. Talk to your doctor about your target for the A1C test. This lab test shows your average blood sugar level over the past 3 months. It shows how well you are controlling your diabetes. For most People with type 1 diabetes, the A1C target should be 7.5% or lower.Type 1 diabetes. Your doctor may recommend blood sugar testing four to eight times a day if you have type 1 diabetes. You may need to test before meals and snacks, before and after exercise, before bed, and occasionally during the night.
Exercise And Lifestyle
By testing your blood sugar level, you can learn which foods and activities raise or lower your blood sugar level the most. This helps you adjust your insulin doses to specific meals or activities to prevent blood sugar from becoming too high or too low. Regular exercise helps control the amount of sugar in the blood. It also helps burn extra calories and fat to reach and maintain a healthy weight. For children or young adults, they would need to check their blood sugar before and after they exercise or do sports. It is also important to make sure they have some sort of snack if they run out of glucose
"Life is not over because you have diabetes. Make the most of what you have, be grateful."
"I have been living with type 1 diabetes since 8 months of age. I am now surviving this disease and its horrible effects for 29 years and I am overwhelmingly exhausted by its effects on my life and everyone around me. Since I can remember I have been impacted by the changing technology from urine glucose test strips to the newest CGM and insulin pump technology. I married 2.5 years ago only to recently put my husband and best friend through the most frightening experience of his life, my being in a coma on a cruise ship."
"I was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes in 1974, at age 3. These many years with diabetes, I’ve had frequent lows, many of them that could have finished me off. I do not have the complications that many long-term diabetics have, but I have lost my hypo awareness completely. I cannot feel the difference between 3 mmol and 22 mmol! I certainly look forward to seeing this film. I know that I will be able to relate to much of what is shown."