Many people question the importance of the rapid industrialization development in our country. Obviously, the United States of America is developed and has a strong economy, but did it all start in this time period? The Industrial Revolution started in the nineteenth century because of the invention of the telegraph, the steamboat and new roads were being made. The new transportation, organizations for work, and methods of communication spurred this Industrial Revolution. All of these were great for our economy and many other things. Rapid industrial development was a blessing to America because there was population growth, better communication, and more job oppurtunites.
During the Irish Potato Famine, many people escaped by ship to come to America
One of the major reasons rapid industrialization development was a blessing was because of the immigrants. In Ireland there was a potato famine. This means that there was a disease for their main source of food, potatoes. Many of the Irish escaped by boat to come to America, often because of the death of a family member. As said in the article Irish Potato Famine, "Perhaps as many as two million people left Ireland during the famine years, never to return. Most of them moved to the United States, Canada, England, or Australia". Because of the population increase, there were more people working in our factories and earning money for the American economy.
The telegraph changed communication forever
During this industrial period there was a need for communication. There were many people all over the country that couldn't send thoughts or ideas to each other without that thought or idea being delivered by mail first. Samuel F.B Morse invented the telegraph in 1844, and everything changed. People could now communicate using morse code and the telegraph. The article, telegraph explains how the telegraph works, "...Morse developed the simple operator key—something like a single typewriter key—which when depressed completed an electric circuit and sent an electric pulse to a distant receiver. This was originally a device that embossed a series of dots and dashes on a paper roll." And with that, communication broke through.
Most women worked in factories at this time
All of the factories that made clothing, meat, and many others were built during this time. This meant that there were more job opportunities for men, immigrants, children, and women. Having more factories meant more goods were being exported which really boosted our economy. A lot of the women worked in factories, especially at the cotton mills. This was a great way to make money for their families. In the article labor, "During the Industrial Revolution children and women made up 77 percent of the textile industry work force..." This was a lot for that time period and was a real shift in society.
Housing and Urban Development, Department of: rehabilitation of old building. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/124278. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.
Irish Potato Famine." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/Irish-Potato-Famine/603737. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.
Irish Potato Famine: victims of the Irish Potato Famine immigrating to North America by ship. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/181206. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.
"Labor." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/labor/275342. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.
"Telegraph." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/telegraph/277288. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.
Telegraph. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/215549. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.
Women: working in factory during World War II. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/16109. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.