Before Independence in India
The British Crown took over direct control of India from the East India Company in 1858. After World War II, dramatic political changes began to take place across the world. This was especially the case with regard to the policy of colonialism. Europe did not have the manpower or money to maintain the colonies because of all the resources, soldiers and money lost in the war. People of India had little to no rights and their life's were controlled by the government . People in the colonies fought with the mother country to defeat the Axis Powers and demanded independence.
Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was then part of the British Empire. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, served as a chief minister in Porbandar and other states in western India. He was born a Hindu and was part of a very wealthy family. He studied to be a lawyer in England but he gave up being a lawyer to become a independence leader for India to try and end British rule in India using non-violent acts.
The Fight for Independence
The leader of the India independence movement Gandhi used non- violent protests and acts of civil disobedience to oppose British rule on India and fight for independence. Gandhi peacefully protested many unjust laws made by the British. One example of this is his spinning wheel, made his own clothes, and refused to buy British cloth. He also lead a salt march in 1930 too avoid paying the British tax on salt, Gandhi decided to get his own salt. To do this, he walked 240 miles over the course of 24 days, joined by a growing number of followers. Gandhi also held non-violent protest but as soon as it turned violent he called to protest off. Due to all the protest and that British due to the loss of resources and money couldn't keep India, India was given independence on June 15, 1947.
India After Independence
After the independence of India it was not smooth for a while. Now that British rule is gone tension rose between religion groups Hindu and Islam. Gandhi goal was to keep India together as one country but since the tension between religions grew so much India was split into 2 different countries. Pakistan was religious group Islam and India was religious group Hinduism. Many of fights broke out over this change and the two countries still have problems to this day over the religious separation.
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